Click here to skip to this page's main content.

 Hello!   The State of New Jersey is participating in our eBook lending program. Browse the growing lending library of over 250,000 eBooks!

Site Search

Site Search
We need a book cover for: Understanding Religion
Last edited by Wiki
November 29, 2013 | History
Cover of: Understanding Religion by

Understanding Religion
A Thematic Approach

Published by Oneworld Publications in Oxford, UK .
Written in English.

Table of Contents

List of Maps and Timelines xii
Notes and Acknowledgements xiii
INTRODUCTION 1
The Study of Religion 2
Three Aspects of Religion 4
The Religions of the World 7
Concept and Category 16
PART I UNDERSTANDING RELIGION 19
CHAPTER 1 THE CONCEPT OF RELIGION 21
What is Religion? 21
Definitions of Religion 26
The Religious Person or Society 28
CHAPTER 2 RELIGION EAST AND WEST - A GENERAL SURVEY 31
The Nature of Ultimate Reality 31
Concepts of Suffering and Evil 34
The Path to Salvation 34
The Goal of Salvation 35
Ritual and Religious Practices 36
Time and Creation 36
Theism and Monism 36
The Universality of Modes of Religious Thought 38
Mutual Attitudes of Theism and Monism 41
Relativism 41
Chinese and Japanese Religion 43
Primal Religions 46
The Modern World 50
CHAPTER 3 THEORIES OF RELIGION 52
Sociological and Anthropological Theories 52
Psychological Theories 61
Philosophical and Historical Theories 65
Theological and Normative Theories 69
Typologies of Religion 73
Approaches to the Study of Religion 77
The Goal of the Study of Rehgion 82
PART II THE RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE AND ITS EXPRESSION 85
CHAPTER 4 THE RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE 87
Describing the Central Experience of Religion 87
Types of Religious Experience 92
The Religious Crisis 98
A Psychological Model of the Stages of Religious Experience 99
Mediators of Religious Experience 100
The Social Influence on Religious Experience 114
CHAPTER 5 PATHWAYS TO RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE 117
Ritualism 117
Legalism 120
Evangelism 123
Social Reformism 126
Asceticism 129
Monasticism 130
Gnosticism 132
Mysticism 135
The Evolution of the Pathways 137
A Classification of Religious Groups 138
CHAPTER 6 FAITH, BELIEF AND CONVERSION 141
The Nature of Faith and Belief 141
Acquisition of Religious Belief and Behaviour 145
The Language of Faith 148
Conversion, Reform and Renewal 151
The Social Psychology of Conversion and Religious Commitment Motifs of Religious Conversion 158
The Conversion of Whole Societies 161
The Religious Life 163
CHAPTER 7 TOWARDS A SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF RELIGIOUS EXPERIENCE 166
Piaget and the Perceptual Development of Children 167
State-Dependent Learning and State-Bound Knowledge 170
Fischer and a Map of Mental States 173
The Neurophysiological Basis of Religious Experience 176
Sperry and Split-Brain Experiments 178
Types of Religious Experience 179
Cautionary Notes 180
PART III CONCEPTUAL ASPECTS OF RELIGION 183
CHAPTER 8 THE NATURE OF REALITY 185
The Nature of Ultimate Reality 186
Transcendent Worlds and Beings 199
Revelation and Enlightenment 203
Human Nature 204
The Physical World 206
Time, the Origins and the End of the World 207
Epistemology 211
CHAPTER 9 SUFFERING, SACRIFICE AND SALVATION 213
Evil, Sin and Suffering 213
Sacrifice and Detachment 225
Martyrdom 230
Concepts of Liberation and Salvation Before and After Death 231
CHAPTER 10 THE PROMISE OF A FUTURE SAVIOUR 242
Descriptions of the Coming of the World Saviour 242
A Typology of Future Saviours and Millennialist Movements 254
Eschatology and the New Religious Movements 262
Disconfirmed Prophecy 262
Causes of Millennialist Movements 264
CHAPTER 11 ARCHETYPE, MYTH AND THE SACRED 268
Some Religious Archetypes and Myths 269
Sacred Place and Sacred Time 277
Religious Symbols 278
Ritual 279
Rites of Passage 281
The Function of Myth and Symbol 284
Myth and Religious History 286
Myth and Modernity 295
PART IV RELIGION IN SOCIETY 299
CHAPTER 12 COMPARATIVE RELIGIOUS HISTORY 301
The Founders of the Religions 301
The Development of a Religion 317
Schism and Heresy 322
From Personal Piety to Organized Religion 323
The Nature of the Historical Record 332
CHAPTER 13 RELIGION AND ETHICS 338
Moral Development 341
The Foundations of Religious Ethics 342
The Boundaries of Ethical Action 346
Ethics and Social Laws 352
Social and Environmental Ethics 352
CHAPTER 14 FUNDAMENTALISM AND LIBERALISM 363
Characteristics of Fundamentalism and Liberalism 364
Towards a Social Definition of FundamentaUsm and Liberalism 375
The Social and Intellectual Basis 376
The Psychological Basis 378
Fundamentalism and Modernity 380
A Historical Perspective 382
CHAPTER 15 OFFICIAL RELIGION AND POPULAR RELIGION 386
The Relationship between Official and Popular Religion 386
The Evolution of Popular Religion 391
Three Examples of Popular Religion 394
CHAPTER 16 RELIGION, POWER AND GOVERNMENT 404
Religion and Legitimation 405
Religion and the State 412
Religion and Politics 419
Civil Religion 425
Power and the Religious Professional 426
CHAPTER 17 RELIGION AND GENDER 432
The History and Characteristics of Patriarchy 432
The Suppression of Women by Religion 435
The Eternal Female Archetype 442
Religion and Sexuality 444
The Modern Debate 447
The Feminist Study of Religion 449
CHAPTER 18 RELIGION AND THE ARTS 455
Art and Popular Religion 455
Art and the Symbolic Universe 459
The Historical Development of Religious Art 462
CHAPTER 19 RELIGION IN THE MODERN WORLD 475
Social Challenges to Religion 476
The Intellectual Challenge to Religion 481
Religious Adaptations to the Modern World 485
The Response of Religion in Traditional Societies 490
Ecumenism and Interreligious Dialogue 492
A Survey of Religions Today 493
New Religious Movements 508
Religious Freedom 516
Religion and the Media 519
Religion as Meaning 524
CONCLUSION 528
From Individual Experience to Social Expression 530
The History of a Religion 532
Analysis and Categorization 534
The Definition of Religion 535
GLOSSARY 538
NOTES 546
BIBLIOGRAPHY 570
INDEX 586
LIST OF MAPS AND TIMELINES
Map showing the Spread of Buddhism 10
Buddhism timeline 11
Christianity timeline 13
Map showing the Distribution of World Religions 32
Chronology of Religious Events in the Middle East and India 302
Map showing the Major Holy Places and Migrations of the Prophet-Founders of the World Religions 314
Map showing the Spread of Islam 318
Baha'i Faith timeline 329
Hinduism timeline 422
Islam timeline 423
Judaism timeline 495
Map showing the Spread of the Baha'i Faith up to 1950 500
TABLES AND FIGURES
Table 1.1 Worldly Values Versus Religious Values 29
Table 2.1 Differences Between Eastern and Western Religious Thought 37
Table 3.1 Structural Analysis by Lévi-Strauss of Three Myths Regarding the Origins of Tobacco 57
Figure 5.1 Social Expressions of the Central Experience of Religion: The Pathways to Salvation or Liberation 118
Table 5.1 Religious Experience and the Pathways to Salvation 121
Table 6.1 Conversion Motifs 159
Table 6.2 Psychological Comparison of Different Modes of Religious Life 164
Figure 7.1 Pathways to Altered States of Consciousness 174
Table 9.1 Words used for Salvation in this Life and After 238
Table 10.1 Comparative Eschatology 243
Table 12.1 Lives of the Founders of World Religions 310
Table 14.1 Fundamentalism and Liberalism 368
Figure 14.1 The Split between Fundamentalism and Liberalism 384
Table 15.1 Differences between Official and Popular Religion in Theravada Buddhism 396
Table 17.1 Religious Role Model for Women 442
Table 19.1 Estimated Number of Adherents of World Religions 504
Table 19.2 Rate of Growth and Spread of World Religions 505

The Physical Object

Format Paperback
Pagination xiv, 626
Number of pages 640

ID Numbers

Open Library OL25434252M
ISBN 13 978-1-85168-599-8

Read

No readable version available.

Borrow

1 List Details

History Created November 29, 2013 · 6 revisions
Download catalog record: RDF / JSON / OPDS

November 29, 2013 Edited by Wiki Formatting table of contents
November 29, 2013 Edited by Wiki Corrected page numbers
November 29, 2013 Edited by Wiki Edited without comment.
November 29, 2013 Edited by Wiki Added new cover
November 29, 2013 Created by Wiki Added new book.