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Last edited by dcapillae
May 4, 2016 | History

Jane Jacobs

4 May 1916 - 25 April 2006

Jane Jacobs (born Jane Butzner; May 4, 1916 – April 25, 2006) was a Canadian and American journalist, author, and activist best known for her influence on urban studies. Her influential book The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961) argued that urban renewal did not respect the needs of most city-dwellers. The book also introduced sociology concepts such as "eyes on the street" and "social capital".

Jacobs was well known for organizing grassroots efforts to protect existing neighborhoods from "slum clearance" – and particularly for her opposition to Robert Moses in his plans to overhaul her neighborhood, Greenwich Village. She was instrumental in the eventual cancellation of the Lower Manhattan Expressway, which would have passed directly through SoHo and Little Italy, and was arrested in 1968 for inciting a crowd at a public hearing on the project. After moving to Toronto in 1968, she joined the opposition to the Spadina Expressway and the associated network of expressways in Toronto planned and under construction.

As a mother and a female writer who criticized experts in the male-dominated field of urban planning, Jacobs endured scorn from established figures, who called her a "housewife" and a "crazy dame." She did not have a college degree, or any formal training in urban planning, and was criticized for being unscholarly and imprecise. She was also accused of inattention to racial inequality, and her concept of "unslumming" has been compared with gentrification.

Source: Jane Jacobs. (2016, May 4). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10:55, May 4, 2016, from

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History Created April 1, 2008 · 6 revisions
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May 4, 2016 Edited by dcapillae Fixed source
May 4, 2016 Edited by dcapillae Added bio
May 4, 2016 Edited by dcapillae Added new photo
September 13, 2008 Edited by ImportBot Found a matching record from Miami University of Ohio .
April 1, 2008 Created by an anonymous user initial import