Cover of: Manual, a guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs type indicator | Isabel Briggs Myers


  • Author
    Mary H. McCaulley
  • Editor
    Robert Most
  • Book Designer
    Mary Ellen Podgorski

Manual, a guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs type indicator

  • 18 Want to read

Published by Consulting Psychologists Press in Palo Alto, California .
Written in English

About the Edition

From the Introduction...

The purpose of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator15 (MBTI®) is to make the theory of psychological types described by C. G. Jung (1921/1971) understandable and useful in people's lives. The essence of the theory is that much seemingly random variation in behavior is actually quite orderly and consistent, being due to basic differences in the way individuals prefer to use their perception and judgment.

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1
Overview of Jung's Theory of Psychological Types 2
Identifying the MBTI Preferences 3
Uses of the Indicator 4
2 Administering and Scoring the MBTI 6
Populations Suitable for Testing 6
Selection of the MBTI Form 7
Administering the MBTI 7
Using the Stencils 8
Computer Scoring 9
3 The Theory Behind the MBTI 11
The Four Functions: S, N, T, and F 12
The Attitudes: Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I) 13
Judgment (J) and Perception (P): Orientation to the Outer World 13
The Theory of Type Development 14
The Dynamic Interaction of Preferences 15
Identifying the Dynamics from the Type Formula 16
Example of Dynamics in Type ENTP 17
Dynamics of the Type Descriptions 1
Types are Created by Exercise of Preferences 19
Learning Type through Study of Individual Descriptions 19
4 Understanding the Sixteen Types 30
Placement of Types on the Type Table 30
Terminology for Identifying Combinations of Types 3
Characteristics of Groups of the Types 31
Representative Type Tables 38
Estimates of Frequencies of Types in the General Population 45
Understanding of Type through the Personal Type Table 47
5 Initial Interpretation and Verification 52
Introducing the Interpretation 52
Introduction to Type as a Verification Tool 53
Final Steps in Verification of Type 56
Interpretation of MBTI Scores 58
6 Use of Type in Counseling 63
Initial Interpretation 63
Counseling for Type Development 64
Making Full Use of Perception and Judgment 65
Examples of Counseling Issues for Each Preference | 68
Communication Styles for Counselors 70
Counseling with Couples and Families 71
Type Differences and Issues in Providers of Psychological Services 73
7 Using Type in Career Counseling 77
Introduction 77
Type Development and Career Counseling 77
Expectations of Work Choices for Each MBTI Preference 78
Occupation and MBTI Preference 78
Other Issues in Careers and MBTI Types 89
8 Uses of Type in Education 95
Type and Learning 95
Type and Teaching 133
The Administration of the Educational Process 136
9 Construction and Properties of the MBTI 140
Development of MBTI Items 141
History of the Development of MBTI Forms 142
Item Analyses and Selection of Items 146
10 Reliability 164
Internal Consistency Reliability Estimates 165
Test-Retest Reliability Estimates 170
11 Validity 175
Evidence for Validity from Type Distributions 176
Correlations of MBTI Continuous Scores with Other Scales 176
Comparison of the MBTI and the Jungian Type Survey 209
Comparison of MBTI Types with Self-Estimates of Type 209
Studies of Behavioral Differences of the Types 210
Studies of Creativity 214
Other Representadve Studies of Type Differences 215
Introversion and the Preference for Privacy 221
Type and Culture 223
MBTI Research Resources 223
Appendix A Glossary 224
Appendix B Sources and Description of Samples 227
Appendix C Mean Preference Scores for MBTI Preference by Age Groups 239
Appendix D Types of Populations 243
Ranking of occupations by preference for
EI 244
SN 246
TF 248
JP 250
ST 253
SF 255
NF 257
NT 259
ISTJ 261
ISTP 263
ESTP 265
ESTJ 267
ISFJ 269
ISFP 271
ESFP 272
ESFJ 274
INFJ 276
INFP 278
ENFP 280
ENFJ 282
INTJ 284
INTP 286
ENTP 288
ENTJ 290
Notes 293
References 296

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 296-309.


Dewey Decimal Class
Library of Congress
BF698.8.M94 M84 1985

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x, 309 p. :
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May 16, 2020 Edited by CoverBot Added new cover
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