Cover of: Revealed religion | Hettinger, Franz

Revealed religion

Published by Burns & Oates in London .
Written in English.

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Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
THE ASSENT OF FAITH
Definition of Faith. Kant, Hegel, Lux Mundi i
Pietists make Faith a purely subjective assent 2
The motive of Catholic Faith objective 3
Belief on the authority of God speaking 4
Faith a supernatural virtue, impossible without grace 5
Non-Catholic proofs of a Revelation only intrinsic 6
Protestants, the Bible only 7
Rationalists, the doctrines as approved by reason 7
Fichte's Pantheistic Christianity 8
Catholics prove Revelation from external evidence 9
As is shown from the Fathers 10
The twofold proof of miracles and prophecy 11
Interior evidence, negative and positive 12
Theology defends and defines doctrine 13
But interior evidence confirmatory, not demonstrative 14
Reality of the proof from miracles 15
The Gospels more credible than any secular history 16
Evidence and certitude contrasted 17
Revelation certain, not evident 18
Doubt possible if a maximum of proof be demanded 19
The precepts of faith and charity 20
The certainty of faith super omnia, subjective 21
Because of the homage of the will to God speaking 22
Co-operation of reason and grace 23
Faith, knowledge, vision 24
CHAPTER I
POSSIBILITY OF REVELATION
Natural knowledge of God insufficient 27
God illuminates the soul from within 28
Natural inspiration, Mozart 29
Universal belief in Revelation 30
God unchanged by revealing 31
Revelation attested by external signs 32
Faith without knowledge superstition 33
Knowledge without faith scepticism 34
Mysteries in nature 35
Agreement of reason and faith 36
Belief in mystery the beginning of a supernatural life 37
And the principle of all true religion 38
The light of faith explains sacred mysteries 39
And illuminates merely natural truths 40
Corruptions of heathenism 41
Triumphs of faith 42
CHAPTER II
NECESSITY OF REVELATION
Traditionalism by depreciating reason 44
Leaves no logical defence for religion 45
Fallen human nature, though wounded, still entire 46
Necessity of Revelation relative, not absolute 47
Religions of paganism superstitious and cruel 48
Human sacrifices 49
Contempt of pagans for their gods 50
Truth sought in vain 51
Idolatry maintained for state purposes 52
Scepticism and superstition naturally allied 53
Degrading beliefs and advanced civilisation 54
Heathen sages not teachers 55
Their errors and immoralities 56
Wisdom for the few 57
Contempt of the multitude 58
Failure of reason unaided by grace 59
One teacher only, Christ and His Church 60
Teaches all men all truth 61
And its teaching forms the basis of morality 62
Christianity shows also the nature of sin 63
And for the sacrifices of paganism 64
Substitutes the one atonement in Christ 65
In Him all things are restored 66
In temptation and conflict 67
The Christian conquers through Christ 68
CHAPTER III
MIRACLES AND PROPHECY
Revelation an external fact, attested by miracles and prophecy 70
A miracle defined 71
Threefold division of miracles 72
Universal practice of prayer shows belief in possibility of miracles 73
This belief is reasonable, and in accordance with the order of God's Providence 74
The miraculous in nature 75
Twofold end of creatures, particular and universal 76
Miracles never denied by Jews or pagans 77
Distinguishing marks of true and false miracles 78
True miracles the seal on Divine truth 79
Objections to miracles 80
They imply no change in God 81
The moral necessity of miracles, as arresting the attention of all 82
And begetting conviction of the truths they attest 83
Modern depreciation of their value, sign of unbelief 84
Hume's objection 85
Rests on two gratuitous assumptions 86
A miracle cognisable with only ordinary knowledge 87
As is shown by several instances 88
Prophecy defined 89
Prophecies, like miracles, true and false 90
Oracles and mediums 91
Marks of a prophet from God 92
The sceptic's demand of a miracle unreal and unreasonable 93
CHAPTER IV
CREDIBILITY OF THE GOSPELS
External evidence of their credibility furnished 95
By the transformation of the world by Christianity 95
Which is inexplicable, unless the Gospel narrative be true 96
The independent witness of pagan historians 97
Tacitus — Suetonius 98
Official report on Christians of Pliny 99
Josephus 100
The Jewish Talmud 101
The Gospel a witness to its own truth 102
The Gospels as public documents 103
Texts and authorship jealously guarded 104
Patristic evidence to their number and rank 105
Down to close of second century 106
External evidence — The Itala, the Peschito, heretical writers 107
The Church's custody of apostolic tradition 108
And of unity of faith 109
Internal evidence — Their simplicity and directness 110
Competency of the Evangelists as biographers of Christ 111
The character they describe wholly original 112
Forgery impossible 113
Renan's inventions and conjectures 114
Gospel accuracy of detail 115
The records of eye-witnesses 116
Personal qualifications of the Evangelists 117
Special weight of St. Paul's evidence 118
The sceptical-mythical theory 119
If Christianity a popular myth, why then persecuted? 120
Why did it find expression in Christianity alone? 121
The myth, the product of a race in its infancy 122
The Gospel period an age of culture and criticism 123
The Gospels universally accepted 150 A. D. 124
The Gospel discrepancies a proof of their truth 125
Individual representations of one central Figure 126
Agreement of St John and the Synoptics 127
Apocryphal and Canonical Gospels contrasted 128
Vitality of the Gospels 129
CHAPTER V
THE DIVINITY OF CHRIST
Christ's appeal to His miracles 130
In proof of His Divinity 131
Connection of His words and works 132
Publicity of the miracles 133
Their symbolic character 134
Their effects clearly supernatural 135
Renan's attempted explanation 136
The subjects of His miraculous power 137
The sick and suffering 138
Self-sacrifice of Christ a moral miracle 139
The Resurrection the crowning miracle 140
Proofs of its reality 141
Change in the Apostles 142
Sceptical hypotheses, imaginary visions 143
Their evident improbability 144
Witness of St. Paul 145
The mythical theory 146
Sceptical objections ever the same 147
Conversion of the world without a miracle, itself miraculous 48
CHAPTER VI
PROPHECY AND FULFILMENT
Israel in itself insignificant 149
Yet most important as the Guardian of Revelation 150
Monothiesm not "a Semitic instinct" 151
For Israel constantly relapses to idolatry 152
But a supernatural gift 153
Office of Israel to lead man to Christ 154
Universal expectation of the Messias, when Christ came 155
The priests and Herod, Zachary 156
Non-inspired writings, Josephus 15
Tacitus, Suetonius, Virgil 158
Inspired prophecy, patriarchs, Psalms 159
Twofold portraiture — glory and shame 160
The weeks of Daniel 161
The Minor Prophets 162
Fulfilment of prophecy in Christ 163
Cause of Israel's apostacy 164
Christ Himself a Prophet 165
The destruction of Jerusalem 166
Its attempted rebuilding 167
The Jews still a witness to Christ 168
Fulfilment of Christ's prophecies in His Church 169
CHAPTER VII
CHRIST AND CHRISTIANITY
Christianity always in conflict, whence its strength? 171
Alleged Christian origins 172
Yet those same causes failed in other systems 173
Christ, His words and works 174
His Passion and death 175
Christ and Socrates 176
Viator and Comprehensor 177
Power of His sacrifice 178
Christ reproduced in His followers 179
Rivals of Christianity 180
Mahomedanism merely naturalism 181
Buddhism essentially atheistic 182
The Church a standing miracle 183
Testimony of St. Cyprian 184
APPENDIX
THE TUBINGEN THEORY
The date of the Gospels 187
General agreement of orthodox and rationalist critics 188
The difference as to authority and authorship 189
The so-called Petrine and Pauline parties 190
Evidence of St Paul 191
His relations with St. Peter 192
No sign of disunion in the Church 193
St. Ignatius and St. Poly carp 194
Hegesippus 195
Importance of his evidence for East and West 196
Justin Martyr and the Church of Ephesus 197
Irenseus, Gaul, and Asia Minor 198
His reverence for Rome 200
Continued chain of evidence 201
The Tubingen theory an arbitrary hypothesis 202
The Church one in Christ 203
INDEX 205

Edition Notes

Includes index.

The Physical Object

Pagination xxiii, 208 p. ;
Number of pages 208

ID Numbers

Open Library OL18248834M
Internet Archive RevealedReligion
OCLC/WorldCat 10495609
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