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January 21, 2020 | History

Emma Goldman

1869 - 1940

Emma Goldman (June 27 [O.S. June 15], 1869 – May 14, 1940) was an anarchist political activist and writer. She played a pivotal role in the development of anarchist political philosophy in North America and Europe in the first half of the 20th century.

Born in Kovno, Russian Empire (now Kaunas, Lithuania) to a Jewish family, Goldman emigrated to the United States in 1885.[2] Attracted to anarchism after the Chicago Haymarket affair, Goldman became a writer and a renowned lecturer on anarchist philosophy, women's rights, and social issues, attracting crowds of thousands.[2] She and anarchist writer Alexander Berkman, her lover and lifelong friend, planned to assassinate industrialist and financier Henry Clay Frick as an act of propaganda of the deed. Frick survived the attempt on his life in 1892, and Berkman was sentenced to 22 years in prison. Goldman was imprisoned several times in the years that followed, for "inciting to riot" and illegally distributing information about birth control. In 1906, Goldman founded the anarchist journal Mother Earth.

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January 21, 2020 Edited by biblioarchy added bio
June 26, 2019 Edited by Gustav-Landauer-Bibliothek Witten bio, links
July 1, 2017 Edited by Gustav-Landauer-Bibliothek Witten Added new photo
March 31, 2017 Edited by Clean Up Bot add VIAF and wikidata ID
April 1, 2008 Created by an anonymous user initial import