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Nagarjuna

c. 150 - c. 250

Acharya Nāgārjuna (Devanagari:नागार्जुन, Tibetan: ཀླུ་སྒྲུབ་ klu sgrub, Chinese: 龍樹) (ca. 150–250 CE) was an Indian philosopher who founded the Madhyamaka school of Mahāyāna Buddhism.

His writings are the basis for the formation of the Madhyamaka school, which was transmitted to China under the name of the Three Treatise (Sanlun) School. He is credited with developing the philosophy of the Prajnaparamita sutras, and was closely associated with the Buddhist university of Nalanda. In the Jodo Shinshu branch of Buddhism, he is considered the First Patriarch.

Little is known about the actual life of the historical Nagarjuna. The two most extensive biographies of Nagarjuna, one in Chinese and the other in Tibetan, were written many centuries after his life and incorporate material seen by some as historically unreliable. Nagarjuna was born a Brahmin, which in his time connoted religious allegiance to the Vedas, probably into an upper-caste Brahmin family and probably in the southern Andhra region of India.

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September 30, 2020 Edited by Clean Up Bot add ISNI
March 31, 2017 Edited by Clean Up Bot add VIAF and wikidata ID
December 17, 2010 Edited by Prajña merge authors
December 14, 2010 Edited by 84.58.181.146 Edited without comment.
April 29, 2008 Created by an anonymous user initial import