Cover of: Open Government |

Open Government

Collaboration, Transparency, and Participation in Practice

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 A Peace Corps for Programmers
Tipping Point: The Extinction of Pencils
Competition Is Critical to Any Ecosystem
Creating a Developer Corps
About the Author
Chapter 2 Government As a Platform
Government As a Platform
Lesson 1: Open Standards Spark Innovation and Growth
Lesson 2: Build a Simple System and Let It Evolve
Lesson 3: Design for Participation
A Robustness Principle for Government
Lesson 4: Learn from Your “Hackers”
Lesson 5: Data Mining Allows You to Harness Implicit Participation
Lesson 6: Lower the Barriers to Experimentation
Lesson 7: Lead by Example
Practical Steps for Government Agencies
About the Author
Chapter 3 By the People
About the Author
Chapter 4 The Single Point of Failure
The Closed Model of Decision Making
New Technologies and Civic Life
Participatory Democratic Theory in the Age of Networks
About the Author
Chapter 5 Engineering Good Government
The Articles of Confederation and the Stovepipe Antipattern
Continued Maintenance: The Blob and Confederacy
About the Author
Chapter 6 Enabling Innovation for Civic Engagement
Citizen Initiatives Lead the Way
Providing for Reuse and Innovation
Data Authenticity Down the Line
Why Bother with Bulk?
About the Authors
Chapter 7 Online Deliberation and Civic Intelligence
Definitions and Assertions
Democracy, Deliberation, and the Internet
Findings and Issues
About the Author
Chapter 8 Open Government and Open Society
Transparency’s Moment?
The Dark Side of Open Government
The Missing Diagnosis
Targeted Transparency
A Matter of Politics
About the Authors
Chapter 9 “You Can Be the Eyes and Ears”: Barack Obama and the Wisdom of Crowds Shows How to Change the Gov
“You Can Be the Eyes and Ears” Site Still Under Construction
Online Town Hall or “Participation Theater”?
Open Data and Open Government
Co-creation, Co-optation, or Collision?
About the Author
Chapter 10 Two-Way Street: Government with the People
Pockets of Excellence: The Goverati
About the Author
Chapter 11 Citizens’ View of Open Government
The First “We President”
The Internet Has Made Us Lazy
Toward a Findable Government
Advanced Citizenship
About the Author
Chapter 12 After the Collapse: Open Government and the Future of Civil Service
The Coasean Collapse
The Long Tail of Public Policy
Patch Culture
The End of Objectivity
Two Preconditions to Government As Platform: Capacity for Self-Organization and Collaboration
Extend the Network
The Next Civil Service Culture: The Gift Economy
About the Author
Chapter 13 Democracy, Under Everything
Many Voices, Many Messages, One Government
My Idea
Revealing Obscured Government Data
Improving Communication without Being Crushed by Email
How to Improve Civic Engagement
About the Author
Chapter 14 Emergent Democracy
Democracy As a Scaling Mechanism
Limiting Factors and the Internet
Building an Emergent Democracy
The Road to Emergent Democracy
About the Author
Chapter 15 Case Study: Tweet Congress
Tweet Congress: Build an App, Start a Movement
Starting the Movement: We Are All Lobbyists Now
So, Who Gets It?
About the Authors
Chapter 16 Entrepreneurial Insurgency: Republicans Connect With the American People
Entrepreneurial Insurgency and Congress
Congress Tweets, Too
I YouTube, You YouTube
Social Media and the Fight for Transparency
About the Author
Chapter 17 Disrupting Washington’s Golden Rule
The Bad Old Days: When Insiders Ruled
This Is the Mashable Now
What Comes Next
About the Author
Chapter 18 Case Study:
Opening Legislative Data
Screen Scraping Congress
Engaging the GovTrack Community
About the Author
Chapter 19 Case Study:
Accessing Political Donor Data Fraught with Problems
The National Institute on Money in State Politics’ Role in the Fight for Greater Transparency
Bolstering the Spirit of Public Disclosure Laws
State-Level Transparency Faces Serious Challenges
In an Ideal World: Recommendations for Open Data
About the Author
Chapter 20 Case Study:
Why We Founded’s Unique Contribution
Nuts and Bolts: Using
Barriers to Transparency
About the Author
Chapter 21 Going 2.0: Why Opted for Full Frontal Data Sharing
The Decision to Let Go of the Data
It’s Not Easy Being Open
Creating a New Model for Transparency
The Future Is Now
About the Author
Chapter 22 All Your Data Are Belong to Us: Liberating Government Data
Liberating Government Data: Carl Malamud Versus the Man
Disclosing Government Data: Paper Versus the Internet
Accessing Government Data: Open Distribution Versus Jealous Control
Demanding Government Data: Public Money Versus Private Research
RECAP: Freeing PACER Documents for Public Use
About the Author
Chapter 23 Case Study: Many Eyes
From Policy to Politicians
Visual Literacy
About the Authors
Chapter 24 My Data Can’t Tell You That
The How and Why of Data Collection
Federal Data: Approximations Galore
Good Data Doesn’t Mean Good Results
About the Author
Chapter 25 When Is Transparency Useful?
Sharing Documents with the Public
Generating Databases for the Public
Interpreting Databases for the Public
An Alternative
About the Author
Chapter 26 Transparency Inside Out
Complexity Creates Opacity
Transparency, Meet Institutional Inertia
Kaleidoscope IT: One-Off Apps Obscure Information
A Market Focused on Proposals, Not Products
Framing the Window
About the Author
Chapter 27 Bringing the Web 2.0 Revolution to Government
Government Transparency: Three Hurdles
Putting It All Together: Disclosure of Federal Spending
About the Authors
Chapter 28 Toads on the Road to Open Government Data
What Is Government?
Data Collection
Exposing the Soul of Government
About the Author
Chapter 29 Open Government: The Privacy Imperative
Privacy-Enhancing Practices
About the Authors
Chapter 30 Freedom of Information Acts: Promises and Realities
The Act and Amendments
About the Author
Chapter 31 Gov→Media→People
Crowdsourcing in Action
About the Author
Chapter 32 Open Source Software for Open Government Agencies
Advantages of FLOSS for Government and Public Agencies
Best Practices: Management
Best Practices: Technical
Best Practices: Social
Make It Easy to Experiment and Learn
About the Authors
Chapter 33 Why Open Digital Standards Matter in Government
Badly Used Technology Hinders Progress
The Digital Age Explained
Standards and the Problems with Digital Technology
The Huge Positive Potential of Digital Technologies
Free and Open Standards and Software: The Digital Basis of Open Government
About the Author
Chapter 34 Case Study:
A Historical Perspective
What Today’s Landscape Looks Like
Champions Discovered in All Branches of State Government
The Dramatic Shift to Web 2.0 Principles and Tools
Making Data More Accessible
About the Author
Appendix Memo from President Obama on Transparency and Open Government

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