Cover of: Time and the Bahá'í Era |

Time and the Bahá'í Era

A Study of the Badíʻ Calendar

Published by George Ronald in Herts, UK .

About the Book

This book is about the historical background and symbolic significance of the Badí' calendar, as well as practical issues to be resolved before it can assume its place as a world calendar.

The Badí' calendar is derived directly from the revealed writings of both the Báb and Bahá'u'lláh and is a component part of the revelation of Bahá'u'lláh, whose teachings must be understood in their entirety as medicine for the diseases of our age. Its inherent symbolism, however, has until now remained largely unexplored, so that the systematic investigation presented by this study is the first of its kind.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgements xii
Concerning the transcription of Arabic and Persian expressions xv
Foreword, by Udo Schaefer xix
1 The Prehistoric Concept of Time 3
Natural time intervals 4
The lunar cycle 7
The path of the sun 12
The stars 17
Solutions to the phase synchronization problem 23
Growing demands on time calibration 28
2 The Calendar in History 35
Indo-Iranian calendar systems 36
The Zoroastrian calendar 37
The Iranian national calendar 44
Graeco-Roman calendar systems 46
Semitic calendar systems 53
The Jewish calendar 55
The Islamic calendar 59
3 The Time of Day 65
4 An Overview 73
A brief history 75
5 Symbolic Implications 79
The symbolism of the heavenly bodies 80
The start of the year 87
Unity in diversity: The number nineteen 96
Ayyam-i-Há - intercalary days 104
The week 111
The start of the day 115
6 Determining the Day of Naw-Rúz 127
Astronomical data 127
Written sources 131
Determining the day of Naw-Rúz using a reference spot 139
The reference-spot method: Doctrine or alternative? 146
The cyclic-progressive method for fixing the day of Naw-Rúz 164
The two methods in comparison 172
The relationship between the annual threshold and the date line 174
7 The Badi Calendar and die Time of Day 181
The meridional calendar 184
Occidental time 186
The change of day in the polar regions 194
The occidental day and the calendar date 200
Bahá’í commemorations 204
Badi time 218
8 The Rhythm of Life 223
The status of the week and the day of rest 224
The central role of the Nineteen Day Feast 230
The work-free feast day 236
Seven into nineteen 239
The nineteen-day life rhythm 242
Conclusion 249
A The Abjad Number System 251
B The Prohibition of the Priesthood 253
C Date Expressions Between 3rd Yawm-i-Há and 1st Alá 256
D Annual Thresholds for the Badi Years 1-200 259
Bibliography 267
Notes and References 275
Index 299

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