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Last edited by Vinnie Rattollee
March 10, 2017 | History

Inside the Yellow Submarine 1 edition

Cover of: Inside the Yellow Submarine | Robert Hieronimus

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About the Book

An in-depth look at the 1968 animated Beatles' Yellow Submarine film, featuring excerpts from 30 years worth of interviews with the film crew punctuated by many rare photos and pieces of production art. The book is divided into segments with story told predominantly through quotes from the artisans themselves - complete with conflicting tales and some fuzzy remembrances. Also included is a wealth of material concerning the film's 1999 re-release, as well as a dissection of the broad variants of the story which were published in books, magazines and comics at the time of the movie's original release.

An additional chapter regarding the film's symbolism was cut from the book but was made freely available for reading at Hieronimus' website, along with a lot of additional information about the film and tributes to the deceased production team. Hieronimus has also announced plans for a revised and expanded edition, though it has yet to come to fruition.

Prior to the book's publication, in 1999 Hieronimus self-published a 56-page glossy magazine titled "The Hieronimus & Co. Yellow Submarine Journal" with excerpts from the then-forthcoming book (which was originally to have been titled "It Was All In The Mind: The Creation of The Beatles Yellow Submarine").

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Inside the Yellow Submarine
The Making of the Beatles' Animated Classic
Robert R. Hieronimus ; editing and compilation assistance by Laura Cortner.

Published 2002 by Krause Publications in Iola, WI .
Written in English.

Table of Contents

Dedication 3
Acknowledgements 4
Contents 8
Dramatis Personae A "who's who" of interviewees and other related persons. 11
Author's Preface 14
Why This Book Was Needed 17
Forward by Erich Segal 18
Introduction by Sir George Martin 19
Notes on Some Design Problems in Yellow Submarine 20
Synopsis of The Yellow Submarine 22
Chapter 1 How the Yellow Submarine Disappeared into a Sea of Holes 25
Removed from the Shelves 26
The Times They Were a Changin' 27
Born Out of Contractual Necessity 28
Brodax and the Beatles Cartoon 29
Did the Yellow Submarine film fulfill The Beatles' Contract? 32
Strain from Deadline and Budget 33
Chapter 2 The Beatles' Hands-Off Involvement 35
Concerned About Being Frozen in Time 37
Brian Epstein's Yellow Submarine Foresight 39
The Beatles Were Blase 40
Why Voice Actors Mouthed the Beatles 43
How the Beatles Provided Inspiration in Absentia 44
Which Beatle Took the Most Interest in the Production of the Film? 45
Paul Wanted Yellow Submarine to Be More Like Disney 47
George Considered Yellow Submarine a Classic 49
Ringo Has Made Yellow Submarine His Theme Song 49
John Lennon "Remembers" Designing Some of the Meanies 50
The Beatles Appear Live at the End of the Film 52
The Beatles' Reaction to the 1999 Renovation of Yellow Submarine 52
Chapter 3 The Song "Yellow Submarine" Emerged from The Twilight Zone and Spawned an Empire 57
Out of a Dream-Like State 58
Party Atmosphere 59
The Recording Sessions 62
Anyone Who Was Around That Day 62
Spoken Passage Returns on the Anthology 63
Single and LP Releases 64
Chapter 4: Will the Real Designer of Yellow Submarine Please Stand Up? Heniz Edelmann Deserves the Title "Father of Yellow Submarine Art" 66
A "This is It!" Moment 68
The Heinzising Unit 72
A Case of Mistaken Identities 81
Like an Albatross 82
Peter Max: All-American Pop Artist 84
Peter Max on Yellow Submarine 85
Milton Glaser on Max, Edelmann and Yellow Submarine 88
Chapter 5: All Together Now How the Yellow Submarine's Crew Was Assembled 91
TV Cartoons (TVC) of London 92
Amended Credits List 95
Searching for Edelmann 97
All Hands on Deck 100
Several Months of Work Were Done Without a Script 102
The American King Features Contingent 104
The Cream of the Crop Animators in the 1960s 106
The Beatles Impersonators 110
The True Identity of the Beatles' Voices Was Squelched 114
Chapter 6: Drinking Everything We Could Get Our Hands On The Daily Experience on Yellow Submarine 116
In the Beginning was the Idea and Brodax Said This Idea Is Good 117
How to Draw a Film Without a Script 117
A Charmed Atmosphere 122
Inspiration from the Father of Yellow Submarine Art 124
Drug Use and Stress on the Scene 126
Intense Use of Color to Simulate a Drug-Induced Experience 128
A Crew of Over 200 129
Day-to-Day Memories 132
Which Scenes Came First? 143
The Rush to the Finish Line 147
Peculiar Challenges for the Sound Department 148
Playing The Beatles 151
One of the Parallel Tracks The Making of the Original Yellow Submarine Soundtrack 152
The 5th Beatle Analyzes His Compositions 153
"Pepperland" Gives You a Longing to Be There 153
The "Sea of Time" Uses Indian Music 154
The "Sea of Monsters" Uses Backwards Recordings 154
The Unusual Malefic Power of "The March of the Meanies" 155
The Inspiration Behind "Pepperland Laid to Waste" 155
Yellow Submarine in Pepperland 155
Speaking to the Generation of the 1960s? 156
Chapter 7: George Dunning The "Bloody Brilliant" Director of Yellow Submarine 158
A True Poet and Master of His Craft 160
Dunning's Yellow Submarine Motives 160
The Evolution from the TV Cartoon Beatles to Yellow Submarine 161
Remembering George Dunning 163
Dunning's Singular Importance to Yellow Submarine 164
Special Project Unit: Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds 165
Dunning was "Uncle Plasma" 171
Questionable Health 175
Chapter 8 Charlie Jenkins and His Magical Bench 176
Unanimously Considered a Genius 177
The Jenkins Mystique and Jenkins Technique 178
Unshrouding the Magical Mystery Bench 179
A Postcard Trip from Liverpool to London and Out to Sea 180
Life After Submarine 181
Chapter 9: Who Wrote the Screenplay? Ad Hoc Ad Loc and Quid Pro Quo, So Little Time, So Much to Know! 184
Lee Minoff, the Writer with the Beatles Haircut 187
Minoff Vs. Brodax 190
Yellow Submarine Alternate Reality #1 190
Yellow Submarine Alternate Reality #2 192
Minoff's Conceptual Ideas 193
We're Not Using Your Script 195
An Amazing Tribute to Edelmann's Brilliance 196
Script Archeology by Edelmann 198
It's Not True? 199
Enter the Professor of Classics 200
Erich Segal Meets the Beatles 201
The Bulldog and Yale 202
Back-Up Script by Jack Mendelsohn 202
Sometimes It Seems More Than One Person Wrote the Same Lines 205
Yellow Submarine Alternate Reality #3 206
Yellow Submarine Alternate Reality #4 208
Mysterious Origins of the Comic Book and Paperback Revealed 208
Uncredited Roger McGough 210
Why Not Give McGough Credit? 211
Edelmann's Diary of How the "Script" Evolved 213
Chapter 10: Tension on the Set Why Part of the Yellow Submarine Was Kidnapped 216
Yanks vs. Brits? 217
Fundamental Difference of Opinion 218
Dunning and Deadlines |222
The Attempted "Takeover" 223
Behind Schedule 224
Did They Overspend Their Budget? 225
The Kidnapping of the Yellow Submarine 227
Brodax on the "Kidnapping" and Takeover" 229
How the "Takeover" Attempt Was Viewed By the Crew 230
Chapter 11: Inspiration, Parody and Cameo Appearances Roses, Holes and Eleanor Rigby 233
Roses Behind His Ears 234
The Sea of Holes? 234
Who was Old Fred? 234
Pepperland Based in Cape Cod? 235
The Boob and Erich Segal 236
The Dreadful Flying Glove 237
Ian Cowan in the Sea of Time 238
Martin Used J.S. Bach to Spoof Hamlet Cigars 238
Red Meanies, Blue Meanies, Purple Meanies, Whose Meanies? 239
Color Photo Spread 241
Were the Blue Meanies from King Features? 257
"Eleanor Rigby" is Full of Snapshots of the Film's Co-Creators 260
Real Liverpool Landmarks Were Seen 264
Ringo's House, Called "The Pier," Was on Top of a Hill 264
Chapter 12 The Best and the Worst and the Split Personality of The Yellow Submarine
What Are the Most Successful Scenes in Yellow Submarine? 265
Where Are Some of the Mistakes? 269
The Split Personality of Yellow Submarine 276
For Those Yet to See the "Hey Bulldog" Version 278
The Trouble Was: Where to Put It? 280
Why the Bulldog Was Sent to the Kennel: Anti-Climax or Artistic Preference? 281
Opinions of the 1999 Reinsertion 283
Chapter 13: Deadline Met, The World Premiere The Co-Creators Mingle with the Beautiful People for a Flashbulb-Popping Night 285
The Co-Creators Become VIPs for a Night 290
The "Voices" Weren't Welcome 295
Chapter 14: Yellow Submarine Reviews and Box Office Radically Different Receptions in the UK vs. the USA 297
UK Critics 300
USA Box Office 301
USA Critics 303
Great Notices in America 305
Chapter 15: The Repercussions of Yellow Submarine How the Hurried Little Film Changed the World 311
Who Felt the Anti-Disney Sentiment on the Set? 314
Innovative in Style and Devotion 317
We Didn't Pioneer Anything 319
Most of the Innovations Came From Jenkins and Edelmann 321
The Yellow Submarine "Letraset" Discovery 321
A 2-Month Paid Holiday Turned into an 11-month Nightmare 322
Did the Yellow Submarine Change Your Life? 324
Yellow Submarine Almost Bankrupted TV Cartoons 329
Chapter 16: The Yellow Submarine Comes of Age Life Since 1968 and Its Spectacular Rebirth in 1999 331
1993: The 25th Year Reunion Party 332
1998: Celebrating the 30th Anniversary 334
1999: The Yellow Submarine Resurfaces in Unmitigated Glory Thanks to Bruce Markoe, the Latest in a Long Series of Yellow Submarine Heroes 336
Cleaning Up the Film 340
Enhancing the Sound Track 341
The Difference Between Black and White and Color 342
The Beatles React to the Renovation 343
Reaction of the Co-Creators to the Renovation 344
Liverpool Launches the Renovated Yellow Submarine August 30, 1999 345
The Limited Theatres Release in 1999 348
The Yellow Submarine Honored by the U.S. Postal Service 350
The Yellow Submarine Goes for a Ride in a Big Way 351
A New List of Credits for the Digital Age 353
Nothing Befits a Legend Like Animation 353
Chapter 17: The Comic Book and Novelization More Alternate Realities for the Yellow Submarine 355
Searching the Collector's Market for Variations on the Yellow Submarine Theme 356
Max Wilk and the Novel 357
Paul S. Newman and the Yellow Submarine Gold Key Comic Book 360
Newman's Logic 361
José Delbo and the Yellow Submarine Gold Key Comic Book 362
Comparing the Variations in the Versions 363
Chapter 18 Real Life Yellow Submarines Around the World 367
Chapter 19: The Cottage Industry Continues Dr. Bob's Review of the Yellow Submarine Merchandise 373
"You Look Like the Originals" 375
Dr. Bob's Review of the Yellow Submarine Memorabilia of 1999/2000 376
Appendix 1
Excerpts from the Balser/Edelmann Script 394
Biographies of the Yellow Submarine Co-Creators 397
Yellow Submarine Screen Credits 412
Appendix 2 415
References and Bibliography 416
Where Beatles Fans Come Together 427
About the Author 429
Goldmine Magazine Ad 431
Beatles/Goldmine Collectibles Ad 432

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 416-426).

Copyright Date


Dewey Decimal Class
Library of Congress
PN1997.Y37 H54 2002

The Physical Object

432 p. :
Number of pages


  • Foreword
    Erich Segal, Ph.D.
  • Introduction
    Sir George Martin
  • interviewee
    Al Brodax
  • interviewee
    Tony Barrow
  • interviewee
    Bruce Markoe
  • interviewee
    Charlie Jenkins
  • interviewee
    Tony Cuthbert
  • interviewee
    Anne Jolliffe
  • interviewee
    Antal Kovacs
  • interviewee
    John Coates
  • interviewee
    Mike Stuart
  • interviewee
    John Williams
  • interviewee
    Jack Stokes
  • interviewee
    Alan Ball
  • interviewee
    George Harrison
  • interviewee
    Paul McCartney
  • interviewee
    Heinz Edelmann
  • interviewee
    Alsion de Vere
  • interviewee
    Millicent McMillan
  • interviewee
    Dave Livesey
  • interviewee
    Bob Godfrey
  • interviewee
    May Pang
  • interviewee
    Ringo Starr
  • interviewee
    Mark Lewisohn
  • interviewee
    Denis Rich
  • interviewee
    Geoffrey Loynes
  • interviewee
    Chris Miles
  • interviewee
    Corona Maher
  • interviewee
    Dick Horn
  • interviewee
    Norman Kauffman
  • interviewee
    Peter Max
  • interviewee
    Milton Glaser
  • interviewee
    Bob Balser
  • interviewee
    Ellen Hall
  • interviewee
    Ron Campbell
  • interviewee
    John Clive
  • interviewee
    Paul Angelis
  • interviewee
    Geoff Hughes
  • interviewee
    Lance Percival
  • interviewee
    George Dunning
  • interviewee
    Cima Balser
  • interviewee
    Lee Minoff
  • interviewee
    Roger McGough
  • interviewee
    Roy Carr
  • interviewee
    Richard Lester
  • interviewee
    Max Wilk
  • interviewee
    Paul S. Newman
  • interviewee
    José Delbo

ID Numbers

Open Library
LC Control Number
Library Thing

History Created December 10, 2009 · 11 revisions Download catalog record: RDF / JSON

March 10, 2017 Edited by Vinnie Rattollee Edited without comment.
March 10, 2017 Edited by Vinnie Rattollee Edited without comment.
March 9, 2017 Edited by Vinnie Rattollee Edited without comment.
March 9, 2017 Edited by Vinnie Rattollee Revised summary, added review link
December 10, 2009 Created by WorkBot add works page