Arthur Cayley was a British mathematician. He helped found the modern British school of pure mathematics.
As a child, Cayley enjoyed solving complex maths problems for amusement. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge, where he excelled in Greek, French, German, and Italian, as well as mathematics. He worked as a lawyer for 14 years.
He postulated the Cayley–Hamilton theorem—that every square matrix is a root of its own characteristic polynomial, and verified it for matrices of order 2 and 3. He was the first to define the concept of a group in the modern way—as a set with a binary operation satisfying certain laws. Formerly, when mathematicians spoke of "groups", they had meant permutation groups. Cayley's theorem is named in honour of Cayley.
Subjects
17 editions First published in 1889
Edition  Read  Locate  Buy 




























The collected mathematical papers of Arthur Cayley.: Supplementary Volume
1889, The University Press
in English








July 13, 2015  Edited by vijay varadharaj  Update covers 
July 13, 2015  Edited by vijay varadharaj  Added new cover 
July 13, 2015  Edited by vijay varadharaj  About the author 
November 23, 2012  Edited by Anand Chitipothu  Reverted spam 
November 22, 2012  Edited by 188.190.126.67  Edited without comment. 