Click here to skip to this page's main content.

New to the Open Library? — Learn how it works
Last edited by Avi Sion
October 13, 2010 | History

Logical and Spiritual Reflections 1 edition

Cover of: Logical and Spiritual Reflections by Avi Sion

Read

No readable version available.

Lists

You could add Logical and Spiritual Reflections to a list if you log in.
About the Book

Logical and Spiritual Reflections is a collection of six shorter philosophical works, including: Hume’s Problems with Induction; A Short Critique of Kant’s Unreason; In Defense of Aristotle’s Laws of Thought; More Meditations; Zen Judaism; No to Sodom.

Excerpts

Logical and Spiritual Reflections is a collection of six shorter philosophical works, in two parts.
The first part, consisting of Logical Reflections, includes:
• Hume’s Problems with Induction, which is intended to describe and refute some of the main doubts and objections David Hume raised with regard to inductive reasoning. It replaces the so-called problem of induction with a principle of induction. David Hume’s notorious skepticism was based on errors of observation and reasoning, with regard to induction, causation, necessity, the self and freewill. These are here pointed out and critically analyzed in detail – and more accurate and logical theories are proposed. This work also includes refutations of Hempel’s and Goodman’s alleged paradoxes of induction.
• A Short Critique of Kant’s Unreason, which is a brief critical analysis of some of the salient epistemological and ontological ideas and theses in Immanuel Kant’s famous Critique of Pure Reason. It shows that Kant was in no position to criticize reason, because he neither sufficiently understood its workings nor had the logical tools needed for the task. Kant’s transcendental reality, his analytic-synthetic dichotomy, his views on experience and concept formation, and on the forms of sensibility (space and time) and understanding (his twelve categories), are here all subjected to rigorous logical evaluation and found deeply flawed – and more coherent theories are proposed in their stead.
• In Defense of Aristotle’s Laws of Thought, which addresses, from a phenomenological standpoint, numerous modern and Buddhist objections and misconceptions regarding the basic principles of Aristotelian logic. Many people seem to be attacking Aristotle’s Laws of Thought nowadays, some coming from the West and some from the East. It is important to review and refute such ideas as they arise.
added by Avi Sion. "Abstract"
The second part, consisting of Spiritual Reflections, includes:
• More Meditations, which is a sequel to the author’s earlier work, Meditations. It proposes additional practical methods and theoretical insights relating to meditation and Buddhism. It also discusses certain often glossed over issues relating to Buddhism – notably, historicity, idolatry, messianism, importation to the West.
• Zen Judaism, which is a frank reflection on the tensions between reason and faith in today’s context of knowledge, and on the need to inject Zen-like meditation into Judaism. This work also treats some issues in ethics and theodicy.
• No to Sodom, which is an essay against homosexuality, using biological, psychological, spiritual, ethical and political arguments.
added by Avi Sion.
There is only 1 edition record, so we'll show it here...  •  Add edition?

Logical and Spiritual Reflections

Published 2008 by Author through Lulu.com in Geneva, Switzerland .
Written in English.

Table of Contents

I. Logical Reflections 7
Book 1. HUME’S PROBLEMS WITH INDUCTION 9
1. Hume’s “problem of induction” 10
2. The principle of induction 14
3. Causation, necessity and connection 19
4. The psychology of induction 24
5. The self or soul 32
6. Freewill 36
7. The is-ought dichotomy 38
8. Hempel's paradox of confirmation 41
9. Goodman’s paradox of prediction 50
10. The induction of induction 56
11. Descartes’ mind-body dichotomy 60
12. Some further remarks on causal logic 65
13. Addenda (2009) 72
Book 2. A SHORT CRITIQUE OF KANT’S UNREASON 75
1. Kant’s transcendental reality 76
2. The analytic-synthetic dichotomy 86
3. Theory of knowledge 96
4. Experience, space and time 101
5. Kant’s “categories” 111
6. Ratiocinations 121
7. How numbers arise 129
8. Geometrical logic 133
9. Addenda (2009-10) 138
Book 3. IN DEFENSE OF ARISTOTLE’S LAWS OF THOUGHT 141
1. Logicians have to introspect 142
2. The primacy of the laws of thought 146
3. The ontological status of the laws 151
4. Fuzzy logic 153
5. Misrepresentation of Aristotle 156
6. Not on the geometrical model 161
7. A poisonous brew 164
8. The game of one-upmanship 168
9. In Buddhist discourse 171
10. Calling what is not a spade a spade 176
11. Buddhist causation theory 179
12. A formal logic of change 182
13. Buddhist critique of change 184
14. Different strata of knowledge 187
15. Impermanence 190
16. Buddhist denial of the soul 194
17. The status of sense perceptions 198
18. The status of dreams and daydreams 202
19. The status of conceptions 205
20. The laws of thought in meditation 208
21. Reason and spirituality 211
22. Addenda (2010) 214
II. Spiritual Reflections 215
Book 4. MORE MEDITATIONS 217
1. Go directly and keep going 218
2. Breath and thought awareness 220
3. Self awareness 222
4. Meditation on the self 224
5. Various remarks on meditation 226
6. Mental health 231
7. Behold the mind 234
8. The four foundations and the core practice 238
9. Transcending suffering and karma 241
10. Behold the soul 243
11. The Buddhist no-soul theory 246
12. Buddhist historicity 251
13. About Buddhist idolatry 253
14. Buddhist messianism 256
15. Assimilating Buddhism 258
16. Addenda (2009) 260
Book 5. ZEN JUDAISM 265
1. God and Creation 266
2. Torah and faith 269
3. Biblical text and commentary 273
4. Tradition vs. innovation 280
5. The rabbinical estate 283
6. Judaic illogic 285
7. Jewish meditation 291
8. Enlightenment without idolatry 296
9. Good people 299
10. A world of mercy 302
11. Understanding injustice 304
12. Forgiveness 308
13. Actions and reactions. 311
14. (Appendix 1) Round numbers in Torah statistics 314
15. (Appendix 2) Prayer in uncertainty 328
16. Addenda (2009) 335
17. Logic in defense of Zionism (2009) 341
18. The Chanukah lights miracle: 347
Book 6. NO TO SODOM 352
1. Picking up the gauntlet 353
2. Homosexuals defined 355
3. Homosexual tendencies 358
4. The biological role of sex 360
5. Non-reproductive sex 362
6. Deviance and suffering 364
7. Some probable causes 366
8. Changing rationalizations 369
9. It is freely chosen 371
10. Sensuality and perversion 373
11. Spiritual impurity 376
12. The essence of sodomy 378
13. A social revolution 380
14. The defenders and promoters of homosexuality 383
15. Some legal issues 385
16. A call for recovery 388
17. (Annex) The Rabbis must ban homosexuals from Judaism 390
Figures
1. A syllogism with geometrical propositions 134
2. Definite and indefinite terminology 154
3. Visualizations of negation 169

The Physical Object

Format
Paperback
Number of pages
404
Dimensions
11.7 x 8.3 x inches

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL24376549M
ISBN 13
978-2-9700091-9-1

History Created October 13, 2010 · 3 revisions
Download catalog record: RDF / JSON

October 13, 2010 Edited by Avi Sion Edited without comment.
October 13, 2010 Edited by Avi Sion Added new cover
October 13, 2010 Created by Avi Sion Added new book.