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Last edited by Kyösti T Waris
September 23, 2017 | History

Mental well-being at work 2 editions

Cover of: Mental well-being at work | Kyösti Waris
About the Book


Waris, K. (1999). Mental Well-Being at Work. A Sign of a Healthy Organisation
and a Necessary Precondition for Organisational Development.
University of Turku, Department of Psychology, Finland.

One of the aims of the study was to clarify the reliability and validity of the Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS) and the Eigenzustand (EZ) method as measures of the objective characteristics of work and short-term mental work load in the Finnish data. The reliability and validity were examined taking into consideration the theoretical backgrounds of the methods and the reliability of the measurements.

The methods were used for finding out the preconditions for organisational development based on self-improvement and clarifying the impacts of working environment (organisational functioning and job characteristics) on a worker’s mental state and health. The influences were examined on a general level - regardless of individual personal or specific contextual factors. One aim was also to clarify how cognitions and emotions are intertwined and how they influence a person’s perception of the working environment.The data consisted of 15 blue-collar organisations in the public sector. The organisations were divided in target and comparison groups depending on the research frames. The data was collected by questionnaires by post. The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (Lisrel) were used as the main statistical methods in examining the structures of the methods and impacts between the variables.

It was shown that it is possible for organisations to develop their working conditions themselves on specific preconditions. The advance of the development processes could be shown by the amount of the development activity as well as by the changes of the mental well-being (ability to act) and sick absenteeism of the personnel.

It was found that the JDS and the EZ methods were reliable and valid measures in the Finnish data. It was shown that, in addition to the objective working environment (organisational functioning and job characteristics), also such a personal factor as self-esteem influences a person’s perception of mental work load. However, the influence did not seem to be direct. The importance of job satisfaction as a general indicator of perceived working conditions was emphasized. Emotional and cognitive factors were found to be functionally intertwined constituting a common factor. Organisational functioning and the characteristics of work had connections with a person’s health measured by sick absenteeism.



Library of Congress HF5548.85 .W37 1999

2 editions First published in 1999

Edition Read Borrow Buy
Cover of: Mental Well-being at Work
2012-02-01T08:00:31Z, University of Turku
Mental Well-being at Work
e-book, pdf in English
Cover of: Mental well-being at work
1999, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
Mental well-being at work
Academic dissertation; paperback in English - 2nd ed.

History Created December 11, 2009 · 23 revisions Download catalog record: RDF / JSON

September 23, 2017 Edited by Kyösti T Waris Edited without comment.
September 23, 2017 Edited by Kyösti T Waris Edited without comment.
September 23, 2017 Edited by Kyösti T Waris Edited without comment.
September 23, 2017 Edited by Kyösti T Waris Edited without comment.
December 11, 2009 Created by WorkBot add works page