Cover of: Mutual Aid by Peter Kropotkin, N. O. Bonzo, David Graeber, Andrej Grubačić, Ruth Kinna
An edition of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902)

Mutual Aid

An Illuminated Factor of Evolution

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February 7, 2022 | History
An edition of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902)

Mutual Aid

An Illuminated Factor of Evolution

  • 4.50 ·
  • 2 Ratings
  • 32 Want to read
  • 2 Currently reading
  • 1 Have read
Publish Date
Publisher
PM Press
Language
English

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Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution is a 1902 collection of anthropological essays by Russian naturalist and anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin. The essays, initially published in the English periodical The Nineteenth Century between 1890 and 1896, explore the role of mutually-beneficial cooperation and reciprocity (or "mutual aid") in the animal kingdom and human societies both past and present. It is an argument against theories of social Darwinism that emphasize competition and survival of the fittest, and against the romantic depictions by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who thought that cooperation was motivated by universal love. Instead Kropotkin argues that mutual aid has pragmatic advantages for the survival of human and animal communities and, along with the conscience, has been promoted through natural selection.

Mutual Aid is considered a fundamental text in anarchist communism. It presents a scientific basis for communism as an alternative to the historical materialism of the Marxists. Kropotkin considers the importance of mutual aid for prosperity and survival in the animal kingdom, in indigenous and early European societies, in the Medieval free cities (especially through the guilds), and in the late 19th century village, labor movement, and poor folk. He criticizes the State for destroying historically important mutual aid institutions, particularly through the imposition of private property.

Many biologists also consider it an important catalyst in the scientific study of cooperation.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Edition Availability
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid
2021, Standard Ebooks
in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: An Illuminated Factor of Evolution
2021, PM Press
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution / Peter Kropotkin.
2006, Dover Publications
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1972, New York University Press
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
1955, Extending Horizons Books
in English
Cover of: Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ, kak faktor ėvoli͡u︡t͡s︡īi
Cover of: Vzaimnaia pomoshch', kak faktor voliutsii.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1914, William Heinemann
in English - Revised ... edition.
Cover of: Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes un menshen
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1910, W. Heinemann
in English - Rev. and cheaper ed. --
Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
1908, Theod. Thomas
in German - Unverkürzte Volksausg.
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution

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Book Details


Classifications

Library of Congress
HM711

The Physical Object

Pagination
240

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL34702837M
ISBN 13
9781629638744

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February 7, 2022 Edited by Gustav-Landauer-Bibliothek Witten Merge works
February 7, 2022 Edited by Gustav-Landauer-Bibliothek Witten authors
December 1, 2021 Edited by Tod Robbins Added new cover
October 7, 2021 Created by ImportBot Imported from Better World Books record.