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July 4, 2021 | History
An edition of The Massacre of Debre Libanos (2014)

The Massacre of Debre Libanos: Ethiopia 1937

The Story of One of Fascism's Most Shocking Atrocities

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This edition was published in by Addis Ababa University Press

One of worst crimes committed by Italian fascism during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia was the massacre of the monks of Debre Libanos, on 20 May 1937. Graziani, the fascist Viceroy, then telegraphed from Addis Ababa to Rome, in a secret telegram, that 297 monks had been shot, yet in truth many, many more died. The author, Ian Campbell, is a Development Consultant specializing in East Africa, has been studying Ethiopia's cultural history since he arrived in Addis Ababa in 1988. In this publication he looks at the history of the monastery of Debre Libanos, and in particular the background and history of the massacre and pillaging of the monastery by fascist Italian forces, which killed over a thousand monks. It also includes information on the rounding up of citizens thought to have some association with the monastery and who sere sent to Danane concentration camp, many not surviving.

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Cover of: The Massacre of Debre Libanos: Ethiopia 1937
The Massacre of Debre Libanos: Ethiopia 1937: The Story of One of Fascism's Most Shocking Atrocities
January 1, 2014, Addis Ababa University Press

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The Massacre of Debre Libanos

First published in 2014



Work Description

One of worst crimes committed by Italian fascism during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia was the massacre of the monks of Debre Libanos, on 20 May 1937. Graziani, the fascist Viceroy, then telegraphed from Addis Ababa to Rome, in a secret telegram, that 297 monks had been shot, yet in truth many, many more died. The author, Ian Campbell, is a Development Consultant specializing in East Africa, has been studying Ethiopia's cultural history since he arrived in Addis Ababa in 1988. In this publication he looks at the history of the monastery of Debre Libanos, and in particular the background and history of the massacre and pillaging of the monastery by fascist Italian forces, which killed over a thousand monks. It also includes information on the rounding up of citizens thought to have some association with the monastery and who sere sent to Danane concentration camp, many not surviving.

The Massacre of Debre Libanos: Ethiopia 1937

The Story of One of Fascism's Most Shocking Atrocities

This edition was published in by Addis Ababa University Press


Edition Description

One of worst crimes committed by Italian fascism during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia was the massacre of the monks of Debre Libanos, on 20 May 1937. Graziani, the fascist Viceroy, then telegraphed from Addis Ababa to Rome, in a secret telegram, that 297 monks had been shot, yet in truth many, many more died. The author, Ian Campbell, is a Development Consultant specializing in East Africa, has been studying Ethiopia's cultural history since he arrived in Addis Ababa in 1988. In this publication he looks at the history of the monastery of Debre Libanos, and in particular the background and history of the massacre and pillaging of the monastery by fascist Italian forces, which killed over a thousand monks. It also includes information on the rounding up of citizens thought to have some association with the monastery and who sere sent to Danane concentration camp, many not surviving.

Table of Contents

List of Figures
List of Maps
List of Tables
Notes on Transliteration
Glossary
Acronyms
Foreword
Introduction
Preface
Acknowledgements
Part I: PRELUDE
1. The Monastery of Debre Libanos
2. Sons of Debre Libanos
3. The Italian Problem
Part II: OCCUPATION AND RESISTANCE
4. Dishonourable Conduct
5. “You have fought for your country, so no-one will condemn you”
6. Yekatit 12
Part III: THE BEST-LAID PLANS
7. Trouble in the Offing
8. Mission Unaccomplished – Monday 22 February 1937
9. The Final Solution
10. Grand Deception
11. The Case against the Monastery
12. Fire and Fury, Precautions and Premonitions
13. Executions are made at Isolated Places
Part IV: THE MASSACRE OF DEBRE LIBANOS
14. Military at the Monastery: Tuesday 18 May
15. All Prisoners to Chagal: Wednesday 19 May
16. The Day of the Saint: Thursday 20 May
17. Death in the Afternoon: Friday 21 May
18. The Grave Diggers: Saturday 22 – Tuesday 25 May
19. Executions at Ingecha: Wednesday 26 May
20. There Remains No Trace: Thursday 27 May
21. Horror at the House of the Cross
22. The Final Toll
23. The Dogs have Martyrs in their Mouths
Part V: THE PERSECUTION OF THE HOUSE OF TEKLE HAYMANOT
24. Dangerous Elements: June-September 1937
25. Per Scopi Repressivi
26. A Wind of Change: Policy in Transition
27. Graziani’s Final Fling: October-November 1937
Part VI: THE BEGINNING OF THE END
28. A Change of Guard
29. End of “Empire”
30. The Road to Recovery
31. Ill-Gotten Gains
32. Justice Denied
33. Laying the Ghosts
Epilogue
Appendices
I. The Massacre of Debre Libanos: Chronology
II. Reflections on the Availability of Information
III. A Note on the Italian Telegrammes
IV. Telegramme from Mussolini to Graziani, No. 1763, 5 June 1936
V. Telegramme from Graziani to Maletti, No. 8922, 19 May 1937
VI. Telegramme from Maletti to Graziani, No.34713, 20 May 1937
VII. Telegramme from Maletti to Graziani, No. 35048, 22 May 1937
VIII. Telegramme from Graziani to Maletti, No. 26609, 24 May 1937
IX. Telegramme from Graziani to Lessona, No. 27136, 27 May 1937
X. Monastery Staff who Died in the Massacre
Bibliography
Index

Classifications

Library of Congress
DT387.9 .C36 2014

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL28307348M
ISBN 13
9789994452514
LC Control Number
2014321598

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