The Cambridge encyclopedia of language
David Crystal

The Cambridge encyclopedia of language

3rd ed.

Published by Cambridge University Press in Cambridge, New York .
Written in English

About the Edition

"This new, thoroughly revised edition of the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language incorporates the major developments in language study which have taken place since the mid-1990s. Two main new areas have been added: the rise of electronic communication in all its current forms, from email to tweeting, and the crisis affecting the world's languages, of which half are thought to be so seriously endangered that they will the out this century." "Praise for the Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language" "̀...magnificently demonstrates Professor Crystal's outstanding breadth of knowledge, incisiveness of judgment and superb skills at getting to the heart of highly complex issues in a clear and straightforward manner'.---Randolph Quirk, FBA" "̀... David Crystal has a great facility for explaining language issues with plain good sense, wit and admirable brevity'.---The Times Educational Supplement" "Ìnvestigates every conceivable corner of the world of language'.---The Christian Science Monitor'...remarkably accessible ... the writing is plain and non-technical ...' Toronto Globe and Mail"--BOOK JACKET.

Table of Contents

Preface to the first edition
Preface to second edition
Preface to 3rd edition
I. Popular ideas about language
1. The prescriptive tradition
2. The equality of languages
3. The magic of language
4. The functions of language
5. Language and thought
II. Language and identity
6. Physical identity
7. Psychological identity
8. Geographical identity
9. Ethnic and national identity
10. Social identity
11 Contextual identity
12. Stylistic identity and literature
III. The structure of language
13. Linguistic levels
14. Typology and universals
15. The statistical structure of language
16. Grammar
17. Semantics
18. Dictionaries
19. Names
20. Discourse and text
21. Pragmatics
IV. The medium of language : speaking and listening
22. The anatomy and physiology of speech
23. The acoustics of speech
24. The instrumental analysis of speech
25. Speech reception
26. Speech interaction with machines
27. The sounds of speech
28. The linguistic use of sound
29. Suprasegmentals
30. Sound symbolism
V. The medium of language : writing and reading
31. Written and spoken language
32. Graphic expression
33. Graphology
34. The process of reading and writing
VI. The medium of language : signing and seeing
35. Sign language
36. Sign language structure
37. Types of sign language
VII. Child language acquisition
38. Investigating children's language
39. The first year
40. Phonological development
41. Grammatical development
42. Semantic development
43. Pragmatic development
44. Language development in school
VIII. Language, brain, and disability
45. Language and the brain
46. Language disability
IX. The languages of the world
47. How many languages?
48. How many speakers?
49. The origins of language
50. Families of language
51. The Indo-European family
52. Other families
53. Language isolates
54. Language change
55. Pidgins and creoles
X. Language in the world
56. The language barrier
57. Translating and interpreting
58. Artificial languages
59. World languages
60. Multilingualism
61. Language planning
62. Foreign language teaching and learning
63. Language for special purposes
XI. Language and communication
64. Language and other communication systems
65. Linguistics
Appendices
I. Glossary
II. Special symbols and abbreviations
III. Table of the world's languages
IV. Further reading
V. References
VI. Index of languages, families, dialects, and scripts
VII. Index of authors and personalities
VIII. Index of topics
Acknowledgements.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 484-493) and indexes.

Classifications

Dewey Decimal Class
403
Library of Congress
P29 .C64 2010

The Physical Object

Pagination
516 p.
Number of pages
516

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL27123042M
ISBN 10
0521516986, 0521736501
ISBN 13
9780521516983, 9780521736503
LC Control Number
2010502889
OCLC/WorldCat
499073732
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History

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