Peer effects and multiple equilibria in the risky behavior of friends
David E. Card
Not in Library

Buy this book

Last edited by VacuumBot
July 29, 2012 | History

Peer effects and multiple equilibria in the risky behavior of friends

  • 0 Ratings
  • 0 Want to read
  • 0 Currently reading
  • 0 Have read

This edition published in by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA.

Written in English

"We study social interactions in the risky behavior of best-friend pairs in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Focusing on friends who had not yet initiated a particular behavior (sex, smoking, marijuana use, truancy) by the first wave of the survey, we estimate bivariate discrete choice models for their subsequent decisions that include peer effects and unobserved heterogeneity. Social interactions can lead to multiple equilibria in friends' choices: we consider simple equilibrium selection models as well as partial likelihood models that remain agnostic about the choice of equilibrium. Our identification strategy assumes that there is at least one individual characteristic (e.g., physical development) that does not directly affect a friend's propensity to engage in a risky activity. Our estimates suggest that patterns of initiation of risky behavior by adolescent friends exhibit significant interaction effects. The likelihood that one friend initiates intercourse within a year of the baseline interview increases by 4 percentage points (on a base of 14%) if the other also initiates intercourse, holding constant family and individual factors. Similar effects are also present for smoking, marijuana use, and truancy. We find larger peer effects for females and for pairs that are more likely to remain best friends after a year. We also find important asymmetries in the strength of the peer effects in non-reciprocated friendships"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.

Read more

Edition Availability
Cover of: Peer effects and multiple equilibria in the risky behavior of friends
Peer effects and multiple equilibria in the risky behavior of friends
2011, National Bureau of Economic Research
Electronic resource in English

Add another edition?

Edition Description

"We study social interactions in the risky behavior of best-friend pairs in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Focusing on friends who had not yet initiated a particular behavior (sex, smoking, marijuana use, truancy) by the first wave of the survey, we estimate bivariate discrete choice models for their subsequent decisions that include peer effects and unobserved heterogeneity. Social interactions can lead to multiple equilibria in friends' choices: we consider simple equilibrium selection models as well as partial likelihood models that remain agnostic about the choice of equilibrium. Our identification strategy assumes that there is at least one individual characteristic (e.g., physical development) that does not directly affect a friend's propensity to engage in a risky activity. Our estimates suggest that patterns of initiation of risky behavior by adolescent friends exhibit significant interaction effects. The likelihood that one friend initiates intercourse within a year of the baseline interview increases by 4 percentage points (on a base of 14%) if the other also initiates intercourse, holding constant family and individual factors. Similar effects are also present for smoking, marijuana use, and truancy. We find larger peer effects for females and for pairs that are more likely to remain best friends after a year. We also find important asymmetries in the strength of the peer effects in non-reciprocated friendships"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.

Edition Notes

Title from PDF file as viewed on 8/30/2011.

Includes bibliographical references.

Also available in print.

System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Mode of access: World Wide Web.

Series
NBER working paper series -- working paper 17088, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) -- working paper no. 17088.

Classifications

Library of Congress
HB1

The Physical Object

Format
Electronic resource

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL25021663M
LC Control Number
2011657306

Lists containing this Book

History

Download catalog record: RDF / JSON / OPDS | Wikipedia citation
July 29, 2012 Edited by VacuumBot Updated format '[electronic resource] /' to 'Electronic resource'
October 22, 2011 Created by LC Bot Imported from Library of Congress MARC record.