Cover of: Universals | D. M. Armstrong


an opinionated introduction

Published by Westview Press in Boulder .
Written in English.

Table of Contents

Preface xi
1 The Problem 1
I Introduction 1
II Class Nominalism 8
III Theories 14
IV Methodology 18
2 Primitive Natural Classes 21
I How Is It Determined that a Class is Natural? 21
II Degrees of Naturalness 23
III The Coextension Problem 25
IV Wolterstorff's Argument from the Identity Conditions of Classes 27
V Types Determine Classes, Not Classes Types 27
VI The Causal Argument 28
VII The Problem About Relations 29
VIII Higher-Order Types 32
IX The Appartatus of the Natural Class Theory 36
3 Resemblance Nominalism 39
I Properties of Resemblance 39
II That Resemblance Is an Internal Relation and the Consequences of This 43
III Constructing a Resemblance Class 47
IV Identity Conditions for Classes Are No Problem 48
V Does Resemblance Determine Type? 49
VI The Causal Argument 49
VII The Coextension Problem Again 50
VIII Relations 51
IX Higher-Order Types 52
X The Resemblance Regress 53
XI The Apparatus of the Resemblance Theory 57
4 Particulars as Bundles of Universals 59
I Substance-Attribute Versus Bundle Theories 59
II The Identity of Indiscernibles 64
III Problems of Constructing the Bundle 70
IV A Further Problem with Compresence 72
V Can Universals Be the Substance of the World? 73
5 Universals as Attributes 75
I Uninstantiated Universals? 75
II Disjunctive, Negative, and Conjunctive Universals 82
III Predicates and Universals 84
IV States of Affairs 88
V A World of States of Affairs? 93
VI The Thin and the Thick Particular 94
VII Universals as Ways 96
VIII Multiple Location 98
IX Higher-Order Types 99
X The Formal Properties of Resemblance 102
XI Resemblance Between Universals 103
XII The Fundamental Tie 108
XIII The Apparatus of an Attribute Theory of Universals 111
6 Tropes 113
I Substances Versus Bundles 113
II States of Affairs Again 116
III Tropes and the Problem of Universals 119
IV Tropes as Substitutes for Univerals 121
V A Trope Substitute for the Resemblance of Universals 122
VI Trope Nominalism Versus "Regular" Nominalism 125
VII Bundles Versus Substance-Attribute Again 127
VIII Natural Classes of Tropes Versus Resemblances 128
IX Swapping of Tropes 131
X Tropes with Universals 132
7 Summing Up 135
References 141
Index 145

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 141-143).

Series Focus series, Focus series (Westview Press)


Dewey Decimal Class 111/.2
Library of Congress B105.U5 A74 1989

The Physical Object

Pagination xii, 148 p. :
Number of pages 148

ID Numbers

Open Library OL2211958M
Internet Archive universalsopinio00arms
ISBN 10 0813307635, 0813307724
LC Control Number 89034723
Goodreads 4066775 1219624

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