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An edition of Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902)

Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt

Unverkürzte Volksausg.
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This edition was published in by Theod. Thomas in Leipzig.

Written in German / Deutsch

294 pages

Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution is a 1902 collection of anthropological essays by Russian naturalist and anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin. The essays, initially published in the English periodical The Nineteenth Century between 1890 and 1896, explore the role of mutually-beneficial cooperation and reciprocity (or "mutual aid") in the animal kingdom and human societies both past and present. It is an argument against theories of social Darwinism that emphasize competition and survival of the fittest, and against the romantic depictions by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who thought that cooperation was motivated by universal love. Instead Kropotkin argues that mutual aid has pragmatic advantages for the survival of human and animal communities and, along with the conscience, has been promoted through natural selection.

Mutual Aid is considered a fundamental text in anarchist communism. It presents a scientific basis for communism as an alternative to the historical materialism of the Marxists. Kropotkin considers the importance of mutual aid for prosperity and survival in the animal kingdom, in indigenous and early European societies, in the Medieval free cities (especially through the guilds), and in the late 19th century village, labor movement, and poor folk. He criticizes the State for destroying historically important mutual aid institutions, particularly through the imposition of private property.

Many biologists also consider it an important catalyst in the scientific study of cooperation.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
May 28, 2016, IDB Productions
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Cover of: Mutual Aid a Factor of Evolution
Mutual Aid a Factor of Evolution
Apr 23, 2012, SMK Books
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Cover of: Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution
Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution
Apr 23, 2012, CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform
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Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
2011, Trotzdem Verlag, Alibri Verlag
Paperback in German / Deutsch - 1. Auflage
Cover of: Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution
Mutual Aid; a factor of evolution
2010, HardPress Publishing
Cover of: La seleccion natural y el apoyo mutuo
La seleccion natural y el apoyo mutuo
2009, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas
in Spanish / español
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
Jan 01, 2009, Freedom Press
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Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
Oct 15, 2008, Forgotten Books
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Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (Dodo Press)
June 22, 2007, Dodo Press
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Mutual Aid: a factor of evolution
Jul 20, 2006, BiblioLife, BiblioBazaar
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Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution / Peter Kropotkin.
2006, Dover Publications
in English
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Mutual Aid (Large Print Edition): a factor of evolution
July 20, 2006, BiblioBazaar
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Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (Dover Value Editions)
April 7, 2006, Dover Publications
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Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor Of Evolution
June 30, 2004, Kessinger Publishing
Paperback in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid
August 2002, IndyPublish.com
Hardcover in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid
August 2002, IndyPublish.com
Paperback in English
Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
1999, Trotzdem Verlag
Paperback in German / Deutsch - Neuauflage
Cover of: Interhelpo
Interhelpo: Kiel faktoro de l’ evoluo
1995, Impeto
Paperback in Esperanto
Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
1989, Trotzdem Verlag, Verlag Monte Verita
Paperback in German / Deutsch
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (Collected Works of Peter Kropotkin)
December 1988, Black Rose Books
Hardcover in English - New Ed edition
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (Collected Works of Peter Kropotkin)
December 1988, Black Rose Books
Paperback in English - New Ed edition
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1987, Freedom Press
in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
January 1, 1987, Freedom Press
Paperback in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
June 1976, Porter Sargent Publishers
Paperback in English
Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
1975, Kramer
in German / Deutsch - 1.-2. Tsd. [Nachdr. d. Ausg. Leipzig, Thomas, 1908].
Cover of: Hu zhu lun
Hu zhu lun
1973, Pa mi er shu dian
in Chinese - 880-02 Chu ban.
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1972, Allen Lane
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
1972, Garland Pub.
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1972, New York University Press
in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution
April 1, 1972, New York University Press
Hardcover in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1960, Extending Horizons Books
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1955, Extending Horisons Books
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1955, Extending Horizons
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
1955, Extending Horizons Books
in English
Cover of: Il mutuo appoggio, fattore dell'evoluzione
Il mutuo appoggio, fattore dell'evoluzione
1950, Libreria internazionale di avanguardia
in Italian
Cover of: Pomoc wzajemna jako czynnik rozwoju
Pomoc wzajemna jako czynnik rozwoju
1946, "Słowo" i Spółdzielczy Instytut Wydawniczy
in Polish - 2. przejrzane wyd.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1939, Penguin Books
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid
1939, Penguin Books
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution.
1939, Penguin
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1939, Penguin
in English
Cover of: ʻEzrah hadadit ba-ʻolam ha-ḥai ṿeha-domeym.
Cover of: Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ sredi zhivotnykh i li͡u︡deĭ, kak dvigatelʹ progressa
Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ sredi zhivotnykh i li͡u︡deĭ, kak dvigatelʹ progressa
1922, Kn-vo "Golos truda"
in Russian / Русский язык
Cover of: Vzaimnai︠a︡ pomoshch', kak faktor ėvoli︠u︡t︠s︡ii.
Cover of: Vzaimnaia pomoshch', kak faktor voliutsii.
Vzaimnaia pomoshch', kak faktor voliutsii.
1919
in Russian / Русский язык
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1919, W. Heinemann
in English - Popular ed
Cover of: Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ, kak faktor ėvoli͡u︡t͡s︡īi
Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ, kak faktor ėvoli͡u︡t͡s︡īi
1919, [s.n.]
in Russian / Русский язык
Cover of: Mutual aid
Cover of: Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ, kak faktor ėvoli͡u︡t͡s︡īi
Vzaimnai͡a︡ pomoshchʹ, kak faktor ėvoli͡u︡t͡s︡īi
1918, Izd. "Nauch.-anarkhistskoĭ biblīoteki"
in Russian / Русский язык
Cover of: Mutual aid
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Cover of: Mutual aid
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1915, Heinemann
in English - Popular ed.
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1915, Heinemann
in English - Popular ed.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1914, William Heinemann
in English - Revised ... edition.
Cover of: Gegenzaytige hilf
Gegenzaytige hilf
1913
in Yiddish
Cover of: Gegenzaytige hilf.
Gegenzaytige hilf.
1913
in Yiddish
Cover of: Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes un menshen
Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes un menshen: als a faḳṭor fun enṭṿiḳlung
1913, Ḳropoṭḳin liṭeraṭur-gezelshafṭ
in Yiddish
Cover of: Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes̀ un menshen
Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes̀ un menshen: als a faḳṭor fun enṭṿiḳlung
1913, Ḳropoṭḳin liṭeraṭur-gezelshafṭ
in Yiddish
Cover of: Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes un menshen
Gegenzayṭige hilf bay ḥayes un menshen: als a faḳṭor fun enṭṿiḳlung
1913, Ḳropoṭḳin liṭeraṭur-gezelshafṭ
in Yiddish
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1910, W. Heinemann
in English - Rev. and cheaper ed. --
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1910, Heinemann
- Revised and cheaper edition
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1910, W. Heinemann
in English - Rev. and cheaper ed. --
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution.
1908, Heinmann
in English
Cover of: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt
1908, Theod. Thomas
in German / Deutsch - Unverkürzte Volksausg.
Cover of: El apoyo mutuo
El apoyo mutuo: un factor de la evolución
1906, B. Bauza, Vincente Matera
in Spanish / español
Cover of: Gegenseitige hilfe in der entwickelung.
Gegenseitige hilfe in der entwickelung.
1904, T. Thomas
in German / Deutsch - Autorisierte deutsche ausg. besorgt von Gustav Landauer.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution.
1904, Heinemann
in English - Revised and cheaper ed.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1904, W. Heinemann
in English - Rev. and cheaper ed.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1904, McClure Phillips
- Rev.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1904, W. Heinemann
in English - Rev. and cheaper ed.
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1904, W. Heinemann
- Rev. and cheaper e
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1903, McClure Phillips
in English
Cover of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
Mutual aid, a factor of evolution
1902, McClure Phillips
Microform in English
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
1902, McClure, Philips & Co.
in English
Cover of: Mutual Aid
Mutual Aid
Publish date unknown, Penguin Books Ltd
Paperback
Cover of: Mutual aid
Mutual aid: a factor of evolution
Publisher unknown
- Rev. and cheaper ed.

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Mutual Aid

A Factor of Evolution

First published in 1902



Work Description

Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution is a 1902 collection of anthropological essays by Russian naturalist and anarchist philosopher Peter Kropotkin. The essays, initially published in the English periodical The Nineteenth Century between 1890 and 1896, explore the role of mutually-beneficial cooperation and reciprocity (or "mutual aid") in the animal kingdom and human societies both past and present. It is an argument against theories of social Darwinism that emphasize competition and survival of the fittest, and against the romantic depictions by writers such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who thought that cooperation was motivated by universal love. Instead Kropotkin argues that mutual aid has pragmatic advantages for the survival of human and animal communities and, along with the conscience, has been promoted through natural selection.

Mutual Aid is considered a fundamental text in anarchist communism. It presents a scientific basis for communism as an alternative to the historical materialism of the Marxists. Kropotkin considers the importance of mutual aid for prosperity and survival in the animal kingdom, in indigenous and early European societies, in the Medieval free cities (especially through the guilds), and in the late 19th century village, labor movement, and poor folk. He criticizes the State for destroying historically important mutual aid institutions, particularly through the imposition of private property.

Many biologists also consider it an important catalyst in the scientific study of cooperation.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Links outside Open Library

Classifications

Library of Congress HM131 .K92 1987, HM'131'K92'1939, HM'131'K92'1955
Dewey 302/.14

Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Tier- und Menschenwelt

Unverkürzte Volksausg.

This edition was published in by Theod. Thomas in Leipzig.


Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.
Translation of: Mutual aid, a factor of evolution.
"Die Grossoktavausgabe des vorliegenden Buches erschien unter dem Title: Gegenseitige Hilfe in der Entwickelung"--P. [295]
The ten unumbered pages at end contain publisher's advertisements.
Source: Gift of Paul Avrich, Aug. 26, 1986.

Classifications

Dewey Decimal Class
303.4
Library of Congress
HM131 .K9215 1908

The Physical Object

Pagination
xvi, 294, [10] p. ;
Number of pages
294

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL2087311M
Internet Archive
gegenseitigehil00unkngoog
LC Control Number
88128494

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November 8, 2020 Edited by Clean Up Bot import existing book
June 4, 2020 Edited by Lisa Merge works
February 11, 2011 Edited by Bryan Endersstocker merge authors
November 19, 2010 Edited by Alan Millar merge authors
April 1, 2008 Created by an anonymous user Imported from Scriblio MARC record.