ASSESSMENT OF THE KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF NURSES CARING FOR PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE.
by Elizabeth W. Maalouf
Published 1995 .
About the Book
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive, irreversible neurological disorder which afflicts millions of adults in the United States. The number is expected to increase as the number of our elderly population grows. Since one is not able to cure this disease, nursing care becomes important in enabling the patient to live his remaining years as comfortable as possible. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge, attitudes and skills of nurses in relation to caring for persons with senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type. The subjects used in this study were 56 nurses who are working at a 500 bed Veteran's Administration Hospital in the Northeast. The research instrument was called the Nursing Needs Assessment Questionnaire. It is composed of three scales: the knowledge of Alzheimer's disease scale, the attitudes and beliefs scale; and a practical nursing skills scale.
Using a one way analysis of variance the results show that the group of nurses who were forty-nine years of age or older were more knowledgeable about Alzheimer's disease and had significantly better attitudes towards Alzheimer's disease than did the group of nurses forty-nine years of age and younger. The respondents who had a college degree or higher had more knowledge concerning Alzheimer's disease and also had better nursing skills than those with less than a college education. An analysis of the years in nursing showed that the nurses who had thirty-one or more years in nursing displayed a trend wherein they had better knowledge, attitudes and skills concerning Alzheimer's patients than did nurses who worked ten years or less. An analysis of nursing positions indicated that nurses who held administrative positions had better attitudes toward Alzheimer's disease than did staff nurses. It was also found that nurses who had worked for nine years or more had greater knowledge about Alzheimer's disease patients than those with shorter work histories at the hospital.
A correlational analysis found that people with more knowledge about Alzheimer's disease have better nursing skills and more positive attitudes towards Alzheimer patients; and, those with better nursing skills had better attitudes towards patients with Alzheimer' s disease. Finally, a measure of bias of the knowledge scale showed that respondents tended to underestimate or have a more positive bias in answering questions, rather than having a negative bias and overestimating the number of people who had Alzheimer's disease.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 56-04, Section: B, page: 1921.
Thesis (ED.D.)--COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY TEACHERS COLLEGE, 1995.
School code: 0055.
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