PROFESSIONALIZATION OF NURSING: A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS AND AN EXAMINATI ...
Susan B. Del Bene

PROFESSIONALIZATION OF NURSING: A HISTORICAL ANALYSIS AND AN EXAMINATION OF THE SEGMENTATION OF NURSE PRACTITIONERS.

Published .

About the Edition

An examination of a representative sample of nurse practitioners who exemplify the vanguard for professionalization in nursing, is conducted to test the generalization of Larson (1977) that the standardization and codification of professional knowledge is the basis on which a profession as a "commodity" can be distinct and recognizable to a potential market. Specifically, it is found that the lack of standardization of knowledge in educational preparation leads to excessive stratification and indeterminism in nursing and the consequential inability of the members to generate a consensual identity. Further, evidence indicates that standardization of knowledge and market control will have a significant positive effect on professionalization and professional autonomy; that preparation of college graduates in post-baccalaureate programs for nurse practitioners will lead into diverse non-traditional professional settings; that standardization of educational processes will tend to lead to a collaborative oriented career path with the physician rather than a traditional role career path; and that those nurse practitioners who have substantial control in their role formulation and implementation perceive high status consistency and high professional satisfaction and conversely that those nurse practitioners who do not have substantial control in their role formulation and implementation perceive low status consistency and low professional satisfaction.

From a regionally stratified systematic random sample of 215 nurse practitioners from the total population (N = 1244) of nurse practitioners, 176 usable questionnaires were elicited. Hypotheses were tested using bivariate and multivariate analysis answers to open-ended questions and historical data.

The study concludes that: (1) standardization and codification of theoretical and clinical knowledge in a post-baccalaureate program have a significant effect on professionalization; (2) this standardization will lead to professional career paths that are entrepreneurial rather than physician-surrogate; and (3) the contextual setting for practice will be significantly greater in non-traditional health care settings rather than in the bureaucratic institution of the hospital. The factors that have been shown by the historical and empirical data to be of significance in determining professionalization and status within the occupation of nursing are role autonomy, attitude toward work, high status consistency, and high professional satisfaction. The study recommends increased standardization and codification of knowledge in nursing education.

Edition Notes

Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 46-12, Section: B, page: 4182.

Thesis (PH.D.)--CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK, 1985.

School code: 0046.

The Physical Object

Pagination
209 p.
Number of pages
209

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL17865208M

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