Cover of: Russian monastic culture | Tom E. Dykstra

Russian monastic culture

"Josephism" and the Iosifo-Volokolamsk Monastery, 1479-1607

Published by Otto Sagner in München .
Written in English.

About the Edition

Many historians believe medieval Russian monks were predominantly peasants meekly obeying upper class abbots, while others assert monastery brotherhoods were elitist, composed primarily of former landlords. Nearly all accept the proposition that monastic political culture was fundamentally absolutist, and some attribute Russian secular political absolutism to monastic influence. This book examines these questions in depth, applying statistical analyses for the first time to questions of social history which have until now been addressed only with anecdotal evidence. By means of a detailed examination of the entire monastic brotherhood of the leading monastery of the sixteenth
century, the author presents evidence that contradicts both the predominantly-peasant and the predominantly-landowner theses. In their place, this book presents a graphic demonstration of the complex relationship between social status outside and inside the monastery. In addition, an examination of the monastic Rule of Iosif of Volokolamsk
and its impact on the monastery’s history provides a new view of “Josephism.” Iosif did not found a new “movement” or “party,” and his influence on monastic culture was to push it in a direction directly opposed to what is usually attributed to him – away from absolutism and toward participatory and consensus-based politics.

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Table of Contents

Introduction 9
Historical Context (Byzantium, The West, Russia: Non-Soviet Literature, Russia: Soviet Literature) 39
Sources (Documentary Sources, Prescriptive Texts, Epistolary and Narrative Sources, Genealogical and Reference Resources) 71
Methodology and Terminology (Identifying Individuals, Determining Monastic Rank, Determining Social Status, A Case Study) 83
Social Provenance and Mobility (The Brotherhood as a Whole, Igumens and Council Members, the Rank and File, Disciples, Master, and Hierarchs, Social Status versus Monastic Status) 119
Some Aspects of Josephite Social Culture (Collective Identity, Non-Posession and Humility Ideals versus Reality, A Sense of Community) 149
Some Aspects of Josephite Political Culture (The Igumen versus the Council of Elders, Misail Beznin, Institutional Charity) 195

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. [233]-264).

Slavistische Beiträge -- Bd. 450


Library of Congress
BX583.M64 D958 2006

The Physical Object

264 p. ;
Number of pages

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