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An edition of Cosmology, physics, and philosophy (1981)

Cosmology, physics, and philosophy

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This edition published in by Springer-Verlag in New York.

Written in English

Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy

Table of Contents
(The last two Volumes published FREE online)

VOLUME I [Out of print. May only be purchased online as hardcover used book]

Worldwide Acclaims ……………………………………...……… ii
SIR KARL POPPER, Foreword ……………….……………..…. xx
SIR ALAN COTTRELL, Foreword ………………….………..... xxi
Preface ……………………………………..….……….…..……... xxii

Introduction …………..………………………..…………………. 2
1.1 The Revival of Relativistic Cosmology vs. Modified
Concepts in Physics and Philosophy …………………...….… 2 1.1.1 The problem of ordering ……………………...….… 3 1.1.2 How did it all start? ………………………………... 5
1.1.3 The first seven stages …………………………….... 7
1.1.4 The present matter-dominated era …………………….. 11
2.1 The Einsteinian Methodology: A Preliminary Remark . 11
2.2 The Withdrawal of Philosophy From Physics (and of
Physics From Philosophy) …………………………….…...… 13
2.3 The Greatest Ambition of Physics ……………………..…...... 16
2.3.1 Unification of initial-boundary conditions first?
Unification of fields second? …………………...….... 16
2.3.2 Should unification begin with
differential equations? …………………..…….…...… 17 2.4 The Great Physico-Philosophical Gains From
The Discovery of the Cosmic Background Radiation ……….. 19
2.5 The Expanding Universe ………………………….…….…... 22
2.6 The 1977 “Aether Drift” Discovery ……………..………....…. 23
2.7 Verification of Physical Laws by Astronomy and
Astrophysics ……………………………………….……….… 24
3.1 Some Tentative Assertions …...……………………..…...….. 26
3.2 The Skeptic’s Outlook .……………………...………..…...….. 69

PART I: Preliminary Concepts

  1. From Terrestrial Gravitational Structures
    To Black Holes and Neutrinos in Astrophysics ……...…….. 74 1.1 Gravitation, Asymmetry and Structure ………………….…… 80
    A fallacy associated with current theories ……………….........…. 80 1.1.2 Gravity-induced sedimentary structures …………... 81
    1.2 Stars and the Hertzsprung-Russel Central Diagram ……….. 88
    1.3 Supernovae, Gravitational Collapse,
    Neutron Stars, Pulsars …………………………………….. 92 1.4 X-Ray Astronomy, Binary X-Ray Systems, and
    Gravitational Clocks ……………………………………... 100 1.5 Black Holes …………………………………………….… 106
    1.6 Gas, Dust and the Formation of Stars in Our Galaxy ….… 113
    1.7 How Are Cosmic Distances Measured? ………………… 116
    1.8 Neutrino Astronomy and Astrophysics ………………… 130
    1.9 The Emergence of Gamma-Ray Astronomy ……………. 132
    1.10 Exploration of Extra-Solar Space
    By Unmanned Spacecraft ……………………………….. 134

  2. From “Conservation” in Classical Physics
    To Solitons in Particle Physics ………………………..…… 136 2.1 Aim and Scope …………………………………………... 138
    2.2 Limitations of Theory …………………………………… 140
    2.3 The General Macroscopic Equation …………………….. 142
    2.4 Continuity Equation (Total Mass Conservation) ………... 146
    2.5 Conservation of Linear Momentum and Gravity.………… 147
    2.6 The Navier-Stokes Equations and Gravity ………………. 149
    2.7 Kinetic-Energy Equation and
    Dissipation Function in Gravitational Fields ……………. 152 2.8 First Law of Thermodynamics or Energy
    Conservation Equation …………………………………… 154
    2.9 First Law and Enthalpy ………………………………….. 156
    2.10 First Law In Terms of Temperature Field ……………….. 157
    2.11 Entropy Balance Equation ……………………………….. 159
    2.12 Beyond Classical Physics:
    Solitons, Antisolitons and Conservation …………………. 160
    2.13 Neutrinos and the Powerful Role Conservation
    Equations Play in Subatomic Processes (Addendum) …… 163

  3. From General Relativity and Relativistic Cosmology
    To Gauge Theories …………………………..……………….. 166 3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………….... 167
    3.1.1 Einstein’s field equations in general relativity ……….….. 169
    3.1.2 Confirmation of Einstein’s Theory of Gravitation ………. 172
    3.2 Principles and Formulations of General Relativity and
    Relativistic Cosmology ………………...……….…………… 181
    3.3 Observations, The “Age” of the Universe
    And “Equivalent Local Cells” …………………….……….… 200
    3.4 Timekeeping, Accelerated Observers and the
    Principle Of Equivalence ………………………….………… 204
    3.5 From General Relativity to Unified Field Theories ………… 205

PART II: From Physics to Philosophical Crossroads
and Back

  1. The Arrows of Time ……………………………….…..….…... 214
    4.1 Time and The Arrow of Time:
    The Most Distorted Of All Ideas? ………………………….. 215
    4.2 Asymmetry-Symmetry-Space-Time and
    The Unification of The Laws of Physics …………………… 216 4.3 Methodology, Aim and Scope ……………………………… 217
    4.4 Confusing Concepts of Time and Time Asymmetries ……… 219
    4.5 The Entropic Arrow of Time ……………………………….. 222
    4.6 Causality, Causation and Time Asymmetries ………………. 226
    4.7 Causation and Determinism in
    Relativistic Theories ………………………………………… 227
    4.8 Cosmological Arrows of Time and Cosmic Time …………. 230
    4.9 A Few Remarks ……………………………………...…….. 232
    4.10 Time-Reversal Invariance and Irreversibility …………….… 236
    4.11 Microscopic Time Asymmetries
    in “Elementary Particles” ………………………….……….. 240 4.12 The Death of Scale-Based Physics ……………….………… 242
    4.13 The “Dual” Quantum-Geometrodynamical
    School and “Superspace” ………………………………….. 243
    4.14 Tachyons and Causal Violations …………………….……… 246
    4.15 Macrocausality and Microcausality in Quantum Mechanics … 247
    4.16 Fading Memory in Classical Physics ……………………….. 247
    4.17 Doubts As To The Universality of Entropy ………………… 249
    4.18 Entropy-Free Thermodynamic Arrows of Time ………….…. 250

  2. The Crisis In Quantum Physics ………………………….…… 254
    5.1 Preliminary Review …………………………………….……. 255
    5.1.1 The effect of gravitation and the outside
    world on quantum physics …………………………..…. 258 5.1.2 The three main schools of thought ………………….… 261
    5.2 Einstein’s Objections to the Uncertainty Principle ………….. 262
    5.3 The Heresy of a Few Skeptics …………………………….…. 265
    5.4 Mythologized Concepts of Quantum Physics …………….…. 265
    5.5 The Failure of Classical and Quantal Statistical
    Mechanics to Deduce Irreversibility and Time Asymmetries ……………………………………………….… 267 5.6 The Emergence of Quantum Chromodynamics
    And Super-Symmetry ………………………………………... 272
    5.6.1 Spatio-Temporal Approach to Quantum Physics …….. 272
    5.6.2 From Weinberg-Salam Theory to
    Quantum Chromodynamics …………………………... 273
    5.6.2.1 Conservation laws as symmetry principles;
    and vice versa …………………………………... 273
    5.6.2.2 Global, exact, approximate, isotopic
    and SU(3) symmetries ………………………..… 274 5.6.2.3 From SU(3) to renormalizable gauge
    theories ……………………………………….... 276
    5.6.2.4 Quark confinement asymptotic freedom
    in gauge theories ……………………………. 276-1
    5.6.2.5 QCD and the search for higher symmetry
    principles …………………………………… 276-1
    5.6.3 From Quantum Field Theories to Super-Symmetry
    Super-Gravity …………………………………….… 276-3
    5.6.3.1 On the limits of super-gravity
    ‘unified field theories’ ………………………... 276-4

PART III: From Physics to Cosmological Crossroads
and Back

  1. Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy ………………………. 277
    6.1 Reduction of Thermodynamics to Gravitation ………… 277
    6.1.1 Methodology ……………………………………. 277
    Dialectical gravitism: Definition of the first problems …………………………………… 278
    6.1.3 Gravitation as super-asymmetry ……………….. 279
    6.2 The Earliest and Most Universal Asymmetry: Observational Evidence …………………..………...….. 279 6.2.1 Which space expands and which does not? …...… 282
    6.3 Gravitation-Asymmetry Principle of Equivalence ……. 284
    6.4 Can Intercluster Space Be Saturated With Radiation? … 287
    6.5 Derivation of the Master Asymmetry
    From Gravitation Theories ………………………...…. 290
    6.6 Irreversibility in the New Gravitational
    Cosmological Thermodynamics …………………...…. 293
    6.7 Origin of Dissipation in Newtonian Fluids ………..…. 297
    6.8 Terrestrial Thermodynamics ……………………..…… 299
    6.9 Connections With Classical and Continuum
    Thermodynamics …………………………………..…. 301 6.10 Electromagnetic Irreversibility
    And the Master Asymmetry …………………….....….. 303

  2. Cosmological Origin of Time and Evolution …………….… 308
    7.1 Time: The All-Embracing Concept ………………….. 309
    7.2 Cosmological Origin of Time ………………………. 310
    7.3 Cosmological Interpretations of Newton’s
    Laws of Motion …………………………………..…. 314
    7.4 Gravitational Origin of Structure and Evolution .…… 316
    7.5 Gravitation and the Outflow of Energy Into
    Un-Saturable Space ………………………………… 322
    7.6 Stellar Evolution ……………………………………. 324
    7.7 Terrestrial Evolution ………………………………... 325
    7.8 Some Open Questions ……………………………… 326
    7.8.1 Microscopic T-Violation and the Master
    Asymmetry: A possible Connection? ………..… 327

  3. Black Holes and the Unification of Asymmetries ……… 329
    8.1 Introduction ……………………………………….. 330
    8.2 Observational Evidence …………………………… 331
    8.3 Schwarzschild Solution and Black Holes …………. 332
    8.4 Black Holes Mechanics and Entropy ……………… 340
    8.5 Can Black Holes “Evaporate”? ……………………. 341
    8.6 Primordial Black Holes? …………………………... 341
    8.7 Back to the Melting Pot of Unification? …………... 341

PART IV: Beyond Present Knowledge

  1. Havahyism – The Science of The Whole …………..…… 348
    9.1 The Futile Quest for Final Answers ……………….. 349
    9.2 An Example in Havahyism ……………………..…. 350
    9.3 From Cosmology to Irreversible Structures
    and Memory ……………………………………..…. 365 9.4 The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………..…. 415

VOLUME II [Out of print. May only be purchased as hardcover used book]

Critique of Western Thought

Introduction ………………………………………………….... 420

  1. A Few Historical Remarks on Time, Mind
    and Symmetry ………………………………………..… 437

  2. The Philosophy of Time & Change:
    Some Historical Notions …………………….………… 455

  3. Structuralism and the Divided American Thought:
    A Short Glossary of Terms …………………………….. 467

  4. Policy and Publicity: A Critique ………………………. 483

  5. Thought-Provoking and Thought-Depressing
    Quotations ………………………………………………. 495

  6. Critique of Western Methodology …………………….. 530

VOLUME III

ONLINE DRAFT PUBLISHED on

Dec. 15, 2007 by Benjamin Gal-Or [Photon03, SCRIBD]

  1. Introduction ………………………………………..…………… 11

  2. From Cosmology to the Foundations of Physics ………..…….. 29

  3. Gravity-Induced Brain-Mind Perception Vs. Everyday Life …44

  4. How Did It All Start? …………………………………………… 55

  5. ‘Gravitational Selection’ Vs. 'Natural Selection' ……….……... 64

  6. Condensed World History …………………………………...… 69

  7. The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………………….….. 94

  8. Beyond Present Knowledge …………………………………… 100

  9. CCCC Homework …………………………………………….. 103

References and Further Reading …………………..…………... 122

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Edition Availability
Cover of: Cosmology, Physics, and Philosophy
Cover of: Cosmology, physics, and philosophy
Cosmology, physics, and philosophy
1981, Springer-Verlag
in English
Cover of: Cosmology, physics, and philosophy
Cosmology, physics, and philosophy
1981, Springer-Verlag
in English

Add another edition?

Cosmology, physics, and philosophy

Including a New Theory of Aesthetics (Recent Advances As a Core Curriculum Course, Vol 1)

First published in 1981



Work Description

Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy

Table of Contents
(The last two Volumes published FREE online)

VOLUME I [Out of print. May only be purchased online as hardcover used book]

Worldwide Acclaims ……………………………………...……… ii
SIR KARL POPPER, Foreword ……………….……………..…. xx
SIR ALAN COTTRELL, Foreword ………………….………..... xxi
Preface ……………………………………..….……….…..……... xxii

Introduction …………..………………………..…………………. 2
1.1 The Revival of Relativistic Cosmology vs. Modified
Concepts in Physics and Philosophy …………………...….… 2 1.1.1 The problem of ordering ……………………...….… 3 1.1.2 How did it all start? ………………………………... 5
1.1.3 The first seven stages …………………………….... 7
1.1.4 The present matter-dominated era …………………….. 11
2.1 The Einsteinian Methodology: A Preliminary Remark . 11
2.2 The Withdrawal of Philosophy From Physics (and of
Physics From Philosophy) …………………………….…...… 13
2.3 The Greatest Ambition of Physics ……………………..…...... 16
2.3.1 Unification of initial-boundary conditions first?
Unification of fields second? …………………...….... 16
2.3.2 Should unification begin with
differential equations? …………………..…….…...… 17 2.4 The Great Physico-Philosophical Gains From
The Discovery of the Cosmic Background Radiation ……….. 19
2.5 The Expanding Universe ………………………….…….…... 22
2.6 The 1977 “Aether Drift” Discovery ……………..………....…. 23
2.7 Verification of Physical Laws by Astronomy and
Astrophysics ……………………………………….……….… 24
3.1 Some Tentative Assertions …...……………………..…...….. 26
3.2 The Skeptic’s Outlook .……………………...………..…...….. 69

PART I: Preliminary Concepts

  1. From Terrestrial Gravitational Structures
    To Black Holes and Neutrinos in Astrophysics ……...…….. 74 1.1 Gravitation, Asymmetry and Structure ………………….…… 80
    A fallacy associated with current theories ……………….........…. 80 1.1.2 Gravity-induced sedimentary structures …………... 81
    1.2 Stars and the Hertzsprung-Russel Central Diagram ……….. 88
    1.3 Supernovae, Gravitational Collapse,
    Neutron Stars, Pulsars …………………………………….. 92 1.4 X-Ray Astronomy, Binary X-Ray Systems, and
    Gravitational Clocks ……………………………………... 100 1.5 Black Holes …………………………………………….… 106
    1.6 Gas, Dust and the Formation of Stars in Our Galaxy ….… 113
    1.7 How Are Cosmic Distances Measured? ………………… 116
    1.8 Neutrino Astronomy and Astrophysics ………………… 130
    1.9 The Emergence of Gamma-Ray Astronomy ……………. 132
    1.10 Exploration of Extra-Solar Space
    By Unmanned Spacecraft ……………………………….. 134

  2. From “Conservation” in Classical Physics
    To Solitons in Particle Physics ………………………..…… 136 2.1 Aim and Scope …………………………………………... 138
    2.2 Limitations of Theory …………………………………… 140
    2.3 The General Macroscopic Equation …………………….. 142
    2.4 Continuity Equation (Total Mass Conservation) ………... 146
    2.5 Conservation of Linear Momentum and Gravity.………… 147
    2.6 The Navier-Stokes Equations and Gravity ………………. 149
    2.7 Kinetic-Energy Equation and
    Dissipation Function in Gravitational Fields ……………. 152 2.8 First Law of Thermodynamics or Energy
    Conservation Equation …………………………………… 154
    2.9 First Law and Enthalpy ………………………………….. 156
    2.10 First Law In Terms of Temperature Field ……………….. 157
    2.11 Entropy Balance Equation ……………………………….. 159
    2.12 Beyond Classical Physics:
    Solitons, Antisolitons and Conservation …………………. 160
    2.13 Neutrinos and the Powerful Role Conservation
    Equations Play in Subatomic Processes (Addendum) …… 163

  3. From General Relativity and Relativistic Cosmology
    To Gauge Theories …………………………..……………….. 166 3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………….... 167
    3.1.1 Einstein’s field equations in general relativity ……….….. 169
    3.1.2 Confirmation of Einstein’s Theory of Gravitation ………. 172
    3.2 Principles and Formulations of General Relativity and
    Relativistic Cosmology ………………...……….…………… 181
    3.3 Observations, The “Age” of the Universe
    And “Equivalent Local Cells” …………………….……….… 200
    3.4 Timekeeping, Accelerated Observers and the
    Principle Of Equivalence ………………………….………… 204
    3.5 From General Relativity to Unified Field Theories ………… 205

PART II: From Physics to Philosophical Crossroads
and Back

  1. The Arrows of Time ……………………………….…..….…... 214
    4.1 Time and The Arrow of Time:
    The Most Distorted Of All Ideas? ………………………….. 215
    4.2 Asymmetry-Symmetry-Space-Time and
    The Unification of The Laws of Physics …………………… 216 4.3 Methodology, Aim and Scope ……………………………… 217
    4.4 Confusing Concepts of Time and Time Asymmetries ……… 219
    4.5 The Entropic Arrow of Time ……………………………….. 222
    4.6 Causality, Causation and Time Asymmetries ………………. 226
    4.7 Causation and Determinism in
    Relativistic Theories ………………………………………… 227
    4.8 Cosmological Arrows of Time and Cosmic Time …………. 230
    4.9 A Few Remarks ……………………………………...…….. 232
    4.10 Time-Reversal Invariance and Irreversibility …………….… 236
    4.11 Microscopic Time Asymmetries
    in “Elementary Particles” ………………………….……….. 240 4.12 The Death of Scale-Based Physics ……………….………… 242
    4.13 The “Dual” Quantum-Geometrodynamical
    School and “Superspace” ………………………………….. 243
    4.14 Tachyons and Causal Violations …………………….……… 246
    4.15 Macrocausality and Microcausality in Quantum Mechanics … 247
    4.16 Fading Memory in Classical Physics ……………………….. 247
    4.17 Doubts As To The Universality of Entropy ………………… 249
    4.18 Entropy-Free Thermodynamic Arrows of Time ………….…. 250

  2. The Crisis In Quantum Physics ………………………….…… 254
    5.1 Preliminary Review …………………………………….……. 255
    5.1.1 The effect of gravitation and the outside
    world on quantum physics …………………………..…. 258 5.1.2 The three main schools of thought ………………….… 261
    5.2 Einstein’s Objections to the Uncertainty Principle ………….. 262
    5.3 The Heresy of a Few Skeptics …………………………….…. 265
    5.4 Mythologized Concepts of Quantum Physics …………….…. 265
    5.5 The Failure of Classical and Quantal Statistical
    Mechanics to Deduce Irreversibility and Time Asymmetries ……………………………………………….… 267 5.6 The Emergence of Quantum Chromodynamics
    And Super-Symmetry ………………………………………... 272
    5.6.1 Spatio-Temporal Approach to Quantum Physics …….. 272
    5.6.2 From Weinberg-Salam Theory to
    Quantum Chromodynamics …………………………... 273
    5.6.2.1 Conservation laws as symmetry principles;
    and vice versa …………………………………... 273
    5.6.2.2 Global, exact, approximate, isotopic
    and SU(3) symmetries ………………………..… 274 5.6.2.3 From SU(3) to renormalizable gauge
    theories ……………………………………….... 276
    5.6.2.4 Quark confinement asymptotic freedom
    in gauge theories ……………………………. 276-1
    5.6.2.5 QCD and the search for higher symmetry
    principles …………………………………… 276-1
    5.6.3 From Quantum Field Theories to Super-Symmetry
    Super-Gravity …………………………………….… 276-3
    5.6.3.1 On the limits of super-gravity
    ‘unified field theories’ ………………………... 276-4

PART III: From Physics to Cosmological Crossroads
and Back

  1. Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy ………………………. 277
    6.1 Reduction of Thermodynamics to Gravitation ………… 277
    6.1.1 Methodology ……………………………………. 277
    Dialectical gravitism: Definition of the first problems …………………………………… 278
    6.1.3 Gravitation as super-asymmetry ……………….. 279
    6.2 The Earliest and Most Universal Asymmetry: Observational Evidence …………………..………...….. 279 6.2.1 Which space expands and which does not? …...… 282
    6.3 Gravitation-Asymmetry Principle of Equivalence ……. 284
    6.4 Can Intercluster Space Be Saturated With Radiation? … 287
    6.5 Derivation of the Master Asymmetry
    From Gravitation Theories ………………………...…. 290
    6.6 Irreversibility in the New Gravitational
    Cosmological Thermodynamics …………………...…. 293
    6.7 Origin of Dissipation in Newtonian Fluids ………..…. 297
    6.8 Terrestrial Thermodynamics ……………………..…… 299
    6.9 Connections With Classical and Continuum
    Thermodynamics …………………………………..…. 301 6.10 Electromagnetic Irreversibility
    And the Master Asymmetry …………………….....….. 303

  2. Cosmological Origin of Time and Evolution …………….… 308
    7.1 Time: The All-Embracing Concept ………………….. 309
    7.2 Cosmological Origin of Time ………………………. 310
    7.3 Cosmological Interpretations of Newton’s
    Laws of Motion …………………………………..…. 314
    7.4 Gravitational Origin of Structure and Evolution .…… 316
    7.5 Gravitation and the Outflow of Energy Into
    Un-Saturable Space ………………………………… 322
    7.6 Stellar Evolution ……………………………………. 324
    7.7 Terrestrial Evolution ………………………………... 325
    7.8 Some Open Questions ……………………………… 326
    7.8.1 Microscopic T-Violation and the Master
    Asymmetry: A possible Connection? ………..… 327

  3. Black Holes and the Unification of Asymmetries ……… 329
    8.1 Introduction ……………………………………….. 330
    8.2 Observational Evidence …………………………… 331
    8.3 Schwarzschild Solution and Black Holes …………. 332
    8.4 Black Holes Mechanics and Entropy ……………… 340
    8.5 Can Black Holes “Evaporate”? ……………………. 341
    8.6 Primordial Black Holes? …………………………... 341
    8.7 Back to the Melting Pot of Unification? …………... 341

PART IV: Beyond Present Knowledge

  1. Havahyism – The Science of The Whole …………..…… 348
    9.1 The Futile Quest for Final Answers ……………….. 349
    9.2 An Example in Havahyism ……………………..…. 350
    9.3 From Cosmology to Irreversible Structures
    and Memory ……………………………………..…. 365 9.4 The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………..…. 415

VOLUME II [Out of print. May only be purchased as hardcover used book]

Critique of Western Thought

Introduction ………………………………………………….... 420

  1. A Few Historical Remarks on Time, Mind
    and Symmetry ………………………………………..… 437

  2. The Philosophy of Time & Change:
    Some Historical Notions …………………….………… 455

  3. Structuralism and the Divided American Thought:
    A Short Glossary of Terms …………………………….. 467

  4. Policy and Publicity: A Critique ………………………. 483

  5. Thought-Provoking and Thought-Depressing
    Quotations ………………………………………………. 495

  6. Critique of Western Methodology …………………….. 530

VOLUME III

ONLINE DRAFT PUBLISHED on

Dec. 15, 2007 by Benjamin Gal-Or [Photon03, SCRIBD]

  1. Introduction ………………………………………..…………… 11

  2. From Cosmology to the Foundations of Physics ………..…….. 29

  3. Gravity-Induced Brain-Mind Perception Vs. Everyday Life …44

  4. How Did It All Start? …………………………………………… 55

  5. ‘Gravitational Selection’ Vs. 'Natural Selection' ……….……... 64

  6. Condensed World History …………………………………...… 69

  7. The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………………….….. 94

  8. Beyond Present Knowledge …………………………………… 100

  9. CCCC Homework …………………………………………….. 103

References and Further Reading …………………..…………... 122

Cosmology, physics, and philosophy

This edition published in by Springer-Verlag in New York.


Edition Description

Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy

Table of Contents
(The last two Volumes published FREE online)

VOLUME I [Out of print. May only be purchased online as hardcover used book]

Worldwide Acclaims ……………………………………...……… ii
SIR KARL POPPER, Foreword ……………….……………..…. xx
SIR ALAN COTTRELL, Foreword ………………….………..... xxi
Preface ……………………………………..….……….…..……... xxii

Introduction …………..………………………..…………………. 2
1.1 The Revival of Relativistic Cosmology vs. Modified
Concepts in Physics and Philosophy …………………...….… 2 1.1.1 The problem of ordering ……………………...….… 3 1.1.2 How did it all start? ………………………………... 5
1.1.3 The first seven stages …………………………….... 7
1.1.4 The present matter-dominated era …………………….. 11
2.1 The Einsteinian Methodology: A Preliminary Remark . 11
2.2 The Withdrawal of Philosophy From Physics (and of
Physics From Philosophy) …………………………….…...… 13
2.3 The Greatest Ambition of Physics ……………………..…...... 16
2.3.1 Unification of initial-boundary conditions first?
Unification of fields second? …………………...….... 16
2.3.2 Should unification begin with
differential equations? …………………..…….…...… 17 2.4 The Great Physico-Philosophical Gains From
The Discovery of the Cosmic Background Radiation ……….. 19
2.5 The Expanding Universe ………………………….…….…... 22
2.6 The 1977 “Aether Drift” Discovery ……………..………....…. 23
2.7 Verification of Physical Laws by Astronomy and
Astrophysics ……………………………………….……….… 24
3.1 Some Tentative Assertions …...……………………..…...….. 26
3.2 The Skeptic’s Outlook .……………………...………..…...….. 69

PART I: Preliminary Concepts

  1. From Terrestrial Gravitational Structures
    To Black Holes and Neutrinos in Astrophysics ……...…….. 74 1.1 Gravitation, Asymmetry and Structure ………………….…… 80
    A fallacy associated with current theories ……………….........…. 80 1.1.2 Gravity-induced sedimentary structures …………... 81
    1.2 Stars and the Hertzsprung-Russel Central Diagram ……….. 88
    1.3 Supernovae, Gravitational Collapse,
    Neutron Stars, Pulsars …………………………………….. 92 1.4 X-Ray Astronomy, Binary X-Ray Systems, and
    Gravitational Clocks ……………………………………... 100 1.5 Black Holes …………………………………………….… 106
    1.6 Gas, Dust and the Formation of Stars in Our Galaxy ….… 113
    1.7 How Are Cosmic Distances Measured? ………………… 116
    1.8 Neutrino Astronomy and Astrophysics ………………… 130
    1.9 The Emergence of Gamma-Ray Astronomy ……………. 132
    1.10 Exploration of Extra-Solar Space
    By Unmanned Spacecraft ……………………………….. 134

  2. From “Conservation” in Classical Physics
    To Solitons in Particle Physics ………………………..…… 136 2.1 Aim and Scope …………………………………………... 138
    2.2 Limitations of Theory …………………………………… 140
    2.3 The General Macroscopic Equation …………………….. 142
    2.4 Continuity Equation (Total Mass Conservation) ………... 146
    2.5 Conservation of Linear Momentum and Gravity.………… 147
    2.6 The Navier-Stokes Equations and Gravity ………………. 149
    2.7 Kinetic-Energy Equation and
    Dissipation Function in Gravitational Fields ……………. 152 2.8 First Law of Thermodynamics or Energy
    Conservation Equation …………………………………… 154
    2.9 First Law and Enthalpy ………………………………….. 156
    2.10 First Law In Terms of Temperature Field ……………….. 157
    2.11 Entropy Balance Equation ……………………………….. 159
    2.12 Beyond Classical Physics:
    Solitons, Antisolitons and Conservation …………………. 160
    2.13 Neutrinos and the Powerful Role Conservation
    Equations Play in Subatomic Processes (Addendum) …… 163

  3. From General Relativity and Relativistic Cosmology
    To Gauge Theories …………………………..……………….. 166 3.1 Introduction ……………………………………………….... 167
    3.1.1 Einstein’s field equations in general relativity ……….….. 169
    3.1.2 Confirmation of Einstein’s Theory of Gravitation ………. 172
    3.2 Principles and Formulations of General Relativity and
    Relativistic Cosmology ………………...……….…………… 181
    3.3 Observations, The “Age” of the Universe
    And “Equivalent Local Cells” …………………….……….… 200
    3.4 Timekeeping, Accelerated Observers and the
    Principle Of Equivalence ………………………….………… 204
    3.5 From General Relativity to Unified Field Theories ………… 205

PART II: From Physics to Philosophical Crossroads
and Back

  1. The Arrows of Time ……………………………….…..….…... 214
    4.1 Time and The Arrow of Time:
    The Most Distorted Of All Ideas? ………………………….. 215
    4.2 Asymmetry-Symmetry-Space-Time and
    The Unification of The Laws of Physics …………………… 216 4.3 Methodology, Aim and Scope ……………………………… 217
    4.4 Confusing Concepts of Time and Time Asymmetries ……… 219
    4.5 The Entropic Arrow of Time ……………………………….. 222
    4.6 Causality, Causation and Time Asymmetries ………………. 226
    4.7 Causation and Determinism in
    Relativistic Theories ………………………………………… 227
    4.8 Cosmological Arrows of Time and Cosmic Time …………. 230
    4.9 A Few Remarks ……………………………………...…….. 232
    4.10 Time-Reversal Invariance and Irreversibility …………….… 236
    4.11 Microscopic Time Asymmetries
    in “Elementary Particles” ………………………….……….. 240 4.12 The Death of Scale-Based Physics ……………….………… 242
    4.13 The “Dual” Quantum-Geometrodynamical
    School and “Superspace” ………………………………….. 243
    4.14 Tachyons and Causal Violations …………………….……… 246
    4.15 Macrocausality and Microcausality in Quantum Mechanics … 247
    4.16 Fading Memory in Classical Physics ……………………….. 247
    4.17 Doubts As To The Universality of Entropy ………………… 249
    4.18 Entropy-Free Thermodynamic Arrows of Time ………….…. 250

  2. The Crisis In Quantum Physics ………………………….…… 254
    5.1 Preliminary Review …………………………………….……. 255
    5.1.1 The effect of gravitation and the outside
    world on quantum physics …………………………..…. 258 5.1.2 The three main schools of thought ………………….… 261
    5.2 Einstein’s Objections to the Uncertainty Principle ………….. 262
    5.3 The Heresy of a Few Skeptics …………………………….…. 265
    5.4 Mythologized Concepts of Quantum Physics …………….…. 265
    5.5 The Failure of Classical and Quantal Statistical
    Mechanics to Deduce Irreversibility and Time Asymmetries ……………………………………………….… 267 5.6 The Emergence of Quantum Chromodynamics
    And Super-Symmetry ………………………………………... 272
    5.6.1 Spatio-Temporal Approach to Quantum Physics …….. 272
    5.6.2 From Weinberg-Salam Theory to
    Quantum Chromodynamics …………………………... 273
    5.6.2.1 Conservation laws as symmetry principles;
    and vice versa …………………………………... 273
    5.6.2.2 Global, exact, approximate, isotopic
    and SU(3) symmetries ………………………..… 274 5.6.2.3 From SU(3) to renormalizable gauge
    theories ……………………………………….... 276
    5.6.2.4 Quark confinement asymptotic freedom
    in gauge theories ……………………………. 276-1
    5.6.2.5 QCD and the search for higher symmetry
    principles …………………………………… 276-1
    5.6.3 From Quantum Field Theories to Super-Symmetry
    Super-Gravity …………………………………….… 276-3
    5.6.3.1 On the limits of super-gravity
    ‘unified field theories’ ………………………... 276-4

PART III: From Physics to Cosmological Crossroads
and Back

  1. Cosmology, Physics and Philosophy ………………………. 277
    6.1 Reduction of Thermodynamics to Gravitation ………… 277
    6.1.1 Methodology ……………………………………. 277
    Dialectical gravitism: Definition of the first problems …………………………………… 278
    6.1.3 Gravitation as super-asymmetry ……………….. 279
    6.2 The Earliest and Most Universal Asymmetry: Observational Evidence …………………..………...….. 279 6.2.1 Which space expands and which does not? …...… 282
    6.3 Gravitation-Asymmetry Principle of Equivalence ……. 284
    6.4 Can Intercluster Space Be Saturated With Radiation? … 287
    6.5 Derivation of the Master Asymmetry
    From Gravitation Theories ………………………...…. 290
    6.6 Irreversibility in the New Gravitational
    Cosmological Thermodynamics …………………...…. 293
    6.7 Origin of Dissipation in Newtonian Fluids ………..…. 297
    6.8 Terrestrial Thermodynamics ……………………..…… 299
    6.9 Connections With Classical and Continuum
    Thermodynamics …………………………………..…. 301 6.10 Electromagnetic Irreversibility
    And the Master Asymmetry …………………….....….. 303

  2. Cosmological Origin of Time and Evolution …………….… 308
    7.1 Time: The All-Embracing Concept ………………….. 309
    7.2 Cosmological Origin of Time ………………………. 310
    7.3 Cosmological Interpretations of Newton’s
    Laws of Motion …………………………………..…. 314
    7.4 Gravitational Origin of Structure and Evolution .…… 316
    7.5 Gravitation and the Outflow of Energy Into
    Un-Saturable Space ………………………………… 322
    7.6 Stellar Evolution ……………………………………. 324
    7.7 Terrestrial Evolution ………………………………... 325
    7.8 Some Open Questions ……………………………… 326
    7.8.1 Microscopic T-Violation and the Master
    Asymmetry: A possible Connection? ………..… 327

  3. Black Holes and the Unification of Asymmetries ……… 329
    8.1 Introduction ……………………………………….. 330
    8.2 Observational Evidence …………………………… 331
    8.3 Schwarzschild Solution and Black Holes …………. 332
    8.4 Black Holes Mechanics and Entropy ……………… 340
    8.5 Can Black Holes “Evaporate”? ……………………. 341
    8.6 Primordial Black Holes? …………………………... 341
    8.7 Back to the Melting Pot of Unification? …………... 341

PART IV: Beyond Present Knowledge

  1. Havahyism – The Science of The Whole …………..…… 348
    9.1 The Futile Quest for Final Answers ……………….. 349
    9.2 An Example in Havahyism ……………………..…. 350
    9.3 From Cosmology to Irreversible Structures
    and Memory ……………………………………..…. 365 9.4 The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………..…. 415

VOLUME II [Out of print. May only be purchased as hardcover used book]

Critique of Western Thought

Introduction ………………………………………………….... 420

  1. A Few Historical Remarks on Time, Mind
    and Symmetry ………………………………………..… 437

  2. The Philosophy of Time & Change:
    Some Historical Notions …………………….………… 455

  3. Structuralism and the Divided American Thought:
    A Short Glossary of Terms …………………………….. 467

  4. Policy and Publicity: A Critique ………………………. 483

  5. Thought-Provoking and Thought-Depressing
    Quotations ………………………………………………. 495

  6. Critique of Western Methodology …………………….. 530

VOLUME III

ONLINE DRAFT PUBLISHED on

Dec. 15, 2007 by Benjamin Gal-Or [Photon03, SCRIBD]

  1. Introduction ………………………………………..…………… 11

  2. From Cosmology to the Foundations of Physics ………..…….. 29

  3. Gravity-Induced Brain-Mind Perception Vs. Everyday Life …44

  4. How Did It All Start? …………………………………………… 55

  5. ‘Gravitational Selection’ Vs. 'Natural Selection' ……….……... 64

  6. Condensed World History …………………………………...… 69

  7. The Skeptic Outlook ……………………………………….….. 94

  8. Beyond Present Knowledge …………………………………… 100

  9. CCCC Homework …………………………………………….. 103

References and Further Reading …………………..…………... 122

Edition Notes

Includes index.

Series
Recent advances as a core curriculum course -- v. 1

Classifications

Dewey Decimal Class
530/.01
Library of Congress
QC6.2 .G34

The Physical Object

Pagination
p. cm. --

ID Numbers

Open Library
OL14831999M
ISBN 10
0387905812
Library Thing
1547222
Goodreads
6715818

Lists containing this Book

History

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