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March 31, 2017 | History

Gautama Buddha

c. 563 BCE or 623 BCE - c. 483 BCE or 543 BCE

Siddhārtha Gautama (Sanskrit: सिद्धार्थ गौतम; Pali: Siddhattha Gotama) was a spiritual teacher from ancient India whose teachings became the subject of Buddhism. In most Buddhist traditions, he is regarded as the Supreme Buddha (P. sammāsambuddha, S. samyaksaṃbuddha) of our age, "Buddha" meaning "awakened one" or "the enlightened one."
The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians dated his lifetime as c. 563 BCE to 483 BCE, but more recent opinion may be dating his death to between 411 and 400 BCE.

Gautama, also known as Śākyamuni ("Sage of the Śākyas"), is the primary figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, discourses, and monastic rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings attributed to him were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later.

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History Created September 23, 2008 · 8 revisions Download catalog record: RDF / JSON

March 31, 2017 Edited by Clean Up Bot add VIAF and wikidata ID
September 27, 2010 Edited by Prajña Edited without comment.
September 27, 2010 Edited by Prajña Edited without comment.
September 2, 2010 Edited by 84.58.142.19 Edited without comment.
September 23, 2008 Created by ImportBot Initial record created, from Miami University of Ohio MARC record.