Charles Stuart (1783? - 1865)
Charles Stuart was born about 1783 in Jamaica, West Indies, a son of a British army ofﬁcer (of Scottish parents), soldier, magistrate, and pamphleteer; educated in Belfast, Ireland, and at age 18 received a commission in the military service of the East India Company.
He rose to the rank of captain of the 1st battalion of the 27th Regiment, but resigned in 1815, likely because of his superior ofﬁcers' uneasiness about his uncompromising posit ion on numerous social and military matters. Stuart's parents were Presbyterians of an extreme Calvinistic type and they deeply inﬂuenced his character.
After fourteen years service for the East India Company he went to Upper Canada in 1817. Most of his writing were of a polemical tract to denounce slavery. By 1851 he had moved to Thornbury, (near at a park on the lake on Bay Street East just west of Elgin Street North), starting the Lora Bay settlement (where he was ﬁrst buried).
Leader in the movement to abolish slavery in the British possessions (where he was born - in Jamaica). In 1832 he wrote a tract 'The West India Question, Immediate Emancipation Safe and Practical'. After the success of that movement, he became a lecturer, from 1834-1838, for the American Anti-Slavery Society, in Ohio, New York State and Vermont.
Prior to his anti-slavery career, he was a lieutenant in the service of the British West India Company from 1801-1814. By 1830, he had already spent considerable time in the United States, and in 1827, in Utica New York, began a very close friendship with Theodore Weld, which helped establish Weld's commitment to anti-slavery. From some time prior to his meeting with Weld, until 1829, Stuart had been a principal of a Emy's school, who roamed the country on his vacations distributing Bibles and religious tracts, and preaching temperance. Charles Stuart died on 21 May 1865 at Lora Bay, Collingwood, Canada West and the following is from Benjamin Thomas Theodore Weld:
"a perfect being - but he was so eccentric that some people thought him crazy. Winter and summer he wore a Scotch plaid frock, with a cape reaching nearly to his elbows [and] so strongly attracted to children that he often stopped to romp and play with them".
Like Weld, he had come under Finney's inﬂuence and enlisted in his "Holy Band". His advice to Weld was in the style of love letters, and their relationship was almost rapturous. Stuart was grateful that God did riot treat the white race according to its deserts. He must have exercised great patience to restrain Himself from "breaking up the earth beneath our feet, and dashing us all into sudden hell," for what had been done to the Negro.
- Reuben Maddison: A True Story (Birmingham, England: B. Hudson, 1835, 48 p)
- The West India question: Immediate emancipation (Apr 1835)
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- 7 editions - first published in 1832 Read
Remarks on the colony of Liberia and the American Colonization Society: with some account of the settlement of coloured people, at Wilberforce, Upper Canada3 editions - first published in 1832 Read
A memoir of Granville Sharp: to which is added Sharp's Law of passive obedience, and an extract from his Law of retribution.3 editions - first published in 1836 Read
- 1 edition - first published in 1800
- 1 edition - first published in 1978
Liberia, or, The American colonization scheme examined and exposed: a full and authentic report of a lecture delivered by C. Stuart, Esq., at a public meeting in the Rev. Mr. Anderson's chapel, Glasgow, 15th April, 18331 edition - first published in 1833
The emigrant's guide to Upper Canada; or, Sketches of the present state of that province: collected from a residence therein during the years 1817, 1818, 1819 : interspersed with reflections1 edition - first published in 1983
- 1 edition - first published in 1831 Read
- 1 edition - first published in 1844 Read
Immediate emancipation safe and profitable for masters: -happy for slaves;-right in government;-advantageous to the nation;-would interfere with no feelings but such as are destructive;-cannot be postponed without continually increasing danger. An outline for it, and remarks on compensation.1 edition - first published in 1838 Read
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